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Cline Mesa Data: Lithic Artifacts from Screened Contexts

Creator(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Year: 1997

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Summary

The Cline Mesa archaeological sites are part of an extensive settlement complex called the Cline Terrace Complex at the northwestern end of the Tonto Basin, along the eastern bank of Tonto Creek. The Arizona State University, Office of Cultural Resource Management, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) divided the Cline Terrace Complex into three management groups: the Mound, Bandolero, and Indian Point management groups. The Cline Terrace Mound group included the Cline Terrace mound, which is the largest site in the complex and located at the center of the complex, and seven nearby sites. The mound group sites are treated in a separate report volume and the associated data are reported separately (Please see https://core.tdar.org/project/394032). The Cline Mesa sites consist of the remaining 35 archaeological sites along the terraces forming the eastern bank of Tonto Creek and extending to the creek’s confluence with Greenback Creek. Please note that these sites are not necessarily representative of the temporal range in the Cline Mesa settlement complex, as many are Hohokam Late Classic period residential sites on Tonto National Forest land. The Cline Mesa Sites report volumes and data summarize results from the surface collections and excavations at the 35 sites in the complex.

The Cline Mesa Data table Lithics from Screened Contexts presents a summary of the lithic artifacts recovered from excavated, screened contexts at Cline Mesa sites (except Cline Terrace Mound, which is reported separately). The table lists archaeological sites designated by Arizona State Museum (ASM) site numbers (without the "AZ" common to all ASM numbers) (e.g., U:8:205 = ASM site number AZ U:8:205). It then lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. In this table, the archaeological contexts - strata - are identified by a combination of numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, the feature number, and the stratum letter designation (EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B). Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the Cline Mesa strata data tables for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR urls:

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394488

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394486

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394487

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394489

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394490

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394485

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394484

The table then provides the frequency (count) of different lithic artifact types for each stratum. Note that the table provides a count of individual artifacts, and not individual pieces of lithic material.

The Cline Mesa Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 9 titled “Salado Residential Settlements on Tonto Creek, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Cline Mesa Sites, Cline Terrace Complex, Parts 1 and 2.” The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume (end of Part 2). Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/394299


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Cite this Record

Cline Mesa Data: Lithic Artifacts from Screened Contexts. Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 394498) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8T43W32


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: clinemesa_screened_lithics

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. This table contains data from multiple sites with multiple features and associated strata. Thus, in this table, a stratum is identified by combining several numbering systems: an ASM site number, a colon, a feature number, and a stratum letter designation. EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosionial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in separate strata data tables. Please see the Cline Mesa Strata data tables at the following tDAR urls: http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394488 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394486 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394487 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394489 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394490 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394485 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394484 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Crystal Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament/raw material type Crystal in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Crystals in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Fossil Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament/raw material type Fossil in a given stratum. A fossil is any mineralized fossil (often crynoids) (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-7). Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Fossils in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Unperforated Stone Disk Frequency of lithic artifact type Unperforated Stone Disk in a given stratum. Stone disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
TOTAL The total number of lithic artifacts (across all lithic artifact types) in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Tubular Stone Bead Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Tubular Stone Bead in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Tubular Stone Bead in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Flat Stone Bead Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Flat Stone Bead in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Flat Stone Bead in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Carving Frequency of lithic artifact type Carving in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Perforated Stone Disk Frequency of lithic artifact type Perforated Stone Disk in a given stratum. Stone disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Spokeshave Frequency of lithic artifact type Spokeshave in a given stratum. Spokeshaves received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Scraper Frequency of lithic artifact type Scraper in a given stratum. Scrapers received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Utilized Flake Frequency of lithic artifact type Utilized Flake in a given stratum. A utilized flake is a piece of debitage with evidence of usewear along its edges.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Secondary Flake Frequency of lithic artifact type Secondary Flake in a given stratum. A secondary flake is a piece of lithic debitage on which the "dorsal surface is partially covered with cortex" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Core Frequency of lithic artifact type Core in a given stratum. Cores are "artifacts with (multiple) negative flake scars; may have platforms; may exhibit crushing and/or step fractures at percussion point(s)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Agave Knife Frequency of lithic artifact type Agave Knife (Tabular/Spall Tool) in a given stratum. Tabular/spall tools are "relatively large, flat tools with unifacial and/or bifacial retouch. Tabular tools are made from platey material and are thin and flat. Spalls have the dorsal side partially or completely covered with cortex and are made from granular material" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-11). Agave knives (tabular/spal tools) received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-19 and associated form for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Projectile Point Frequency of lithic artifact type Projectile Point in a given stratum. Projectile points are "retouched, small, thinned triangular bifaces with hafting elements" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Projectile points received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Biface Frequency of lithic artifact type Biface in a given stratum. Bifaces are lithic artifacts that have been "retouched, thinned on both surfaces" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Bifaces received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Drill Frequency of lithic artifact type Drill in a given stratum. Drills received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Uniface Frequency of lithic artifact type Uniface in a given stratum. A uniface is a lithic artifact "retouched, thinned along one edge or surface (not use–wear only)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Unifaces received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Pigment Stone Frequency of lithic artifact type Pigment Stone in a given stratum. Pigment stones are lithic "materials used to make paints or colors; exhibit ground edges and striations" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Polishing Stone Frequency of lithic artifact type Polishing Stone in a given stratum. A polishing stones is a "small, fine–grained pebble, worn lustrous by polishing pottery" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Tertiary Flake Frequency of lithic artifact type Tertiary Flake in a given stratum. A tertiary flake is a piece of lithic debitage with "no cortex on dorsal or ventral surfaces" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Shatter Frequency of lithic artifact type Shatter in a given stratum. Shatter is defined as "angular pieces; no bulb of percussion; no striking platform" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Hammerstone Frequency of lithic artifact type Hammerstone in a given stratum. A Hammerstone is a "stone with crushing, hinge and step fractures derived from battering, hammering, or pecking activities" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Site The archaeological sites from which the lithic artifacts were recovered. In this table, sites are identified by an Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. Please see the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study Site Concordance Table to match the ASM number(s) to the Tonto National Forest number(s).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
Raw Material Frequency of lithic artifact type (mineral) Raw Material in a given stratum. Raw materials are "pieces of material in unmodified condition – unworked includes apache tears, unworked crystals, unworked nodules or pebbles" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Stone Tessera Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Stone Tessera (mosaic piece) in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Stone Tessera in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Primary Flake Frequency of lithic artifac type Primary Flakes in a given stratum. A primary flake is a piece of lithic debitage with a "dorsal surface completely covered with cortex" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Apache Tear Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament/raw material type Apace Tear in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Apache Tears in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Stone Pendant Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Stone Pendant in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Stone Pendant in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 650 to 1650


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.273; min lat: 33.741 ; max long: -111.222; max lat: 33.814 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): Peter H. McCartney ; Ronna J. Bradley ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Mark R. Hackbarth ; Chris Loendorf ; Marcia H. Regan ; Sheldon T. Watson

Lab Director(s): Arleyn W. Simon

Principal Investigator(s): Glen E. Rice ; Charles Redman

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 9

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 38

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

Notes

General Note: The Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University stored and maintained the digital file(s) hosted on this record page as part of the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) digital collections. The data were stored in a single Excel file with multiple tabs. Each tab contained a data sheet that summarized the frequencies of a particular artifact class and/or type that was analyzed during the RPMS laboratory studies. The data sheets were standardized across the different project areas. To curate these data in tDAR, each tab was converted into a single Excel file. Each file contains the frequency data for a particular artifact class and/or type.

General Note: The Office of Cultural Resource Management and the Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University intended for the data sheets and the artifact categories in the sheets to remain consistent (i.e., standardized) across the sheets and across the different project areas. During the course of this curation project, several inconsistencies were identified in the artifact categories (i.e., column names). Where appropriate, minor wording, spelling, and/or word order changes were made to column headings to ensure standardization across artifact class and/or type names. For example, some data tables used the column names "Full-Trough Metate," "3/4-Trough Metate," "Slab Metate," etc., while others used the names "Metate, Full-Trough," "Metate, 3/4-Trough," "Metate, Slab." Center for Archaeology and Society and tDAR staff decided to ensure standardization to the "Metate, ..." column names.


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
clinemesa_screened_lithics.xlsx 61.57kb Jan 25, 2015 6:17:44 PM Public
Translated version clinemesa_screened_lithics_translated.xls (164.00kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America