tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Cline Mesa Data: Plain Ware Ceramics from Screened Contexts

Creator(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Year: 1997

» Downloads & Basic Metadata

Summary

The Cline Mesa archaeological sites are part of an extensive settlement complex called the Cline Terrace Complex at the northwestern end of the Tonto Basin, along the eastern bank of Tonto Creek. The Arizona State University, Office of Cultural Resource Management, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) divided the Cline Terrace Complex into three management groups: the Mound, Bandolero, and Indian Point management groups. The Cline Terrace Mound group included the Cline Terrace mound, which is the largest site in the complex and located at the center of the complex, and seven nearby sites. The mound group sites are treated in a separate report volume and the associated data are reported separately (Please see https://core.tdar.org/project/394032). The Cline Mesa sites consist of the remaining 35 archaeological sites along the terraces forming the eastern bank of Tonto Creek and extending to the creek’s confluence with Greenback Creek. Please note that these sites are not necessarily representative of the temporal range in the Cline Mesa settlement complex, as many are Hohokam Late Classic period residential sites on Tonto National Forest land. The Cline Mesa Sites report volumes and data summarize results from the surface collections and excavations at the 35 sites in the complex.

The Cline Mesa Data table Plain Ware Ceramics from Screened Contexts presents a summary of the plain ware ceramic vessels recovered from excavated, screened contexts at Cline Mesa sites (except Cline Terrace Mound, which is reported separately). The table lists archaeological sites designated by Arizona State Museum (ASM) site numbers (without the "AZ" common to all ASM numbers) (e.g., U:8:205 = ASM site number AZ U:8:205). It then lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. In this table, the archaeological contexts - strata - are identified by a combination of numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, the feature number, and the stratum letter designation (EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B). Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the Cline Mesa strata data tables for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR urls:

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394488

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394486

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394487

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394489

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394490

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394485

http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394484

The table then provides the frequency (count) of individual plain ware vessels with different surface treatments for each stratum. Note that the table presents a count of individual vessels (i.e., groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to individual vessels) identified to particular plain ware surface treatment types. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases (It was extended to body sherds in contexts where diagnostic vessel parts were low in frequency).

The Cline Mesa Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 9 titled “Salado Residential Settlements on Tonto Creek, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Cline Mesa Sites, Cline Terrace Complex, Parts 1 and 2.” The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume (end of Part 2). Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/394299


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Cline Mesa Data: Plain Ware Ceramics from Screened Contexts. Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 394508) ; doi:10.6067/XCV861129M


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: clinemesa_screened_plainware

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Plain/Plain Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Smooth Finish, Undecorated Ware, with a plain surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a plain surface treatment has the following characteristics: "exterior and interior plain or self–slip (no added pigment)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Fine corrugated Frequency of individual vessels identified as plain corrugated wares with a fine corrugated surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a fine corrugated surface treatment has the following characteristics: "tan, grey, to brown paste, fine, patterned corrugations resembling shingles or siding, corrugations have not been obliterated, with or without colored wash or slip, no painted decorations" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-18 and 3-22 pp. 3-18). Examples include Heber and McDonald Corrugated. The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Plain/Smudged Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Smooth Finish, Undecorated Ware, with a plain, smudged surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a plain, smudged surface treatment has the following characteristics: "exterior plain or self–slip, interior black smudge" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Salado Red Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Corrugated Finish, Decorated and Undecorated Ware, with a Salado Red surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a Salado Red surface treatment has the following characteristics: "exterior fine obliterated corrugations, matte red, raspberry slip exterior may have fine white lines added as design on red slip interior black or grey smudge, highly polished" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Red/Plain Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Smooth Finish, Undecorated Ware with a plain red surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a Red/Plain surface treatment has a "exterior red slip or wash, interior red slip or plain" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Site The archaeological sites from which the plain ware ceramics were recovered. In this table, sites are identified by an Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. Please see the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study Site Concordance Table to match the ASM number(s) to the Tonto National Forest number(s).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
Plain corrugated Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Corrugated Finish, Undecorated Ware, with a plain corrugated surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a plain corrugated surface treatment has the following characteristics: "exterior plain or blackened, coarse smeared corrugations" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. This table contains data from multiple sites with multiple features and associated strata. Thus, in this table, a stratum is identified by combining several numbering systems: an ASM site number, a colon, a feature number, and a stratum letter designation. EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in separate strata data tables. Please see the Cline Mesa Strata data tables at the following tDAR urls: http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394488 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394486 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394487 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394489 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394490 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394485 http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394484 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Red/Smudged Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Smooth Finish, Undecorated Ware, with a plain, smudged red surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a plain, smudged red surface treatment has "exterior red slip or wash, interior black smudge" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
TOTAL The total number of plain ware vessels (across all identified plain wares and surface treatment types) in a given stratum at the Schoolhouse Point Mound.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 650 to 1650


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.273; min lat: 33.741 ; max long: -111.222; max lat: 33.814 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): Peter H. McCartney ; Ronna J. Bradley ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Mark R. Hackbarth ; Chris Loendorf ; Marcia H. Regan ; Sheldon T. Watson

Lab Director(s): Arleyn W. Simon

Principal Investigator(s): Glen E. Rice ; Charles Redman

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 9

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 38

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

Notes

General Note: The Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University stored and maintained the digital file(s) hosted on this record page as part of the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) digital collections. The data were stored in a single Excel file with multiple tabs. Each tab contained a data sheet that summarized the frequencies of a particular artifact class and/or type that was analyzed during the RPMS laboratory studies. The data sheets were standardized across the different project areas. To curate these data in tDAR, each tab was converted into a single Excel file. Each file contains the frequency data for a particular artifact class and/or type.

General Note: The Office of Cultural Resource Management and the Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University intended for the data sheets and the artifact categories in the sheets to remain consistent (i.e., standardized) across the sheets and across the different project areas. During the course of this curation project, several inconsistencies were identified in the artifact categories (i.e., column names). Where appropriate, minor wording, spelling, and/or word order changes were made to column headings to ensure standardization across artifact class and/or type names. For example, some data tables used the column names "Full-Trough Metate," "3/4-Trough Metate," "Slab Metate," etc., while others used the names "Metate, Full-Trough," "Metate, 3/4-Trough," "Metate, Slab." Center for Archaeology and Society and tDAR staff decided to ensure standardization to the "Metate, ..." column names.


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
clinemesa_screened_plainware.xlsx 51.37kb Jan 25, 2015 11:32:38 PM Public
Translated version clinemesa_screened_plainware_translated.xls (67.00kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America