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Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen

Creator(s): Mona Colburn ; Bonnie Styles ; James R. Purdue

Year: 1980

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Summary

This data set contains the faunal data recovered by 1/16 inch waterscreening during the 1980 excavations conducted at Modoc Rock Shelter (11R5). Modoc Rock Shelter is in the central Mississippi River valley in Randolph County, Illinois. The site is on the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Historic Landmark. Excavation was conducted by Bonnie Styles, Melvin Fowler, and Steven Ahler under the auspices of the Illinois State Museum and the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Funding was provided by a grant from the Department of Interior (Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service).

Only 1/4 subsamples of the 1/16 inch waterscreen samples were analyzed. The 1/4 subsamples were divided from the whole samples using a geological riffle splitter. Faunal identifications were made by Bonnie Styles and James R. Purdue. Bonnie identified the fish remains and James R. Purdue identified by the mammal remains. Identifications of fish and mammals were made to the most precise level possible using the Osteological Comparative Collections of the Illinois State Museum. Given financial and temporal constraints, remains of other classes of animals were generally only classified into the following categories: turtles, other reptiles, amphibians, birds, indeterminate vertebrates, pelecypoda (freshwater mussels), decapoda (crayfish) and coleoptera (beetles).


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen. Mona Colburn, Bonnie Styles, James R. Purdue. 1980 ( tDAR id: 398954) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8PN977B


Restricted Access Some or all of this resource's attached file(s) are not publicly accessible. They will be released on Jun 30, 2020

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: Modoc1980-WShltr-16thInchFauna

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Comment Comments regarding modifications, ontogenetic age, seasonal indicators, ritting or articulation of bones/fragments etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none
Digest Rounding code duplicated for purpose of mapping to the tDar Digestion Ontology.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Digestion Coding sheet for Digest (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Digestion Ontology
HumMod Marks related to human modification of element during artifact manufacture.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Cultural Modification Coding sheet for HumMod (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Worked Bone Ontology
Butcher Marks related to human modification of element during butchering or food processing.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Butchering Coding sheet for Butcher (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Butchering Ontology
Gnaw Type of animal gnawing exhibited on faunal element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Gnawing/Animal Modification Coding sheet for Gnaw (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Gnawing Ontology
Portion2 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Dorsal/Ventral Coding sheet for Portion2 (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Dorsal-Ventral Ontology
Portion3 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Portion/Proximal/Distal Coding sheet for Portion3 (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Proximal-Distal/Portion Ontology
NISP Number of identified specimens with the same attributes.
BIGINT  Count Fauna : Count none none
Round Rounding of bone. Could be due to a variety of causes, such as water rolling, abrasion, gnawing (that causes rounding), and digestion.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Natural Modification Coding sheet for Round (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Erosion Ontology
Burn Degree/intensity of burning exhibited by the element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Burning Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Burning Fauna Burning Intensity Ontology
Side Side of the animal's body.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Side Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Side Fauna Side Ontology
TaxonSize Codes for animal body sizes. In the case of fish, 8 cm size categories refer to total length for bowfin and gar; and to standard length for all other fish taxa.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Taxon Size none
CF For referred taxa, cf-f means that "cf." is applied to the first name in the taxon field (which often is the genus); and cf-s means that "cf." is on the second name (which is usually species).
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for CF (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Confidence in Identification Ontology
Feature Number assigned to a feature by the archaeologist.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature ID/Number none none
Unit&Level Unit of excavation and level within the unit, levels are numbered sequentially from top to bottom.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
Stratum Stratum designated by the archaeologist.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Recovery Screen mesh size used in recovery.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Recovery Method Coding sheet for Recovery (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) EAFWG Recovery Method Ontology
ExcYr Year of excavation.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none
Site Name of the site.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Site Coding sheet for Site (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Eastern Archaic Site Type
Completeness Completeness of an element
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Completeness Coding sheet for Completeness (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Completeness Ontology
Taxon Identification of the bone to the finest taxonomic level possible.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Taxon (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Taxon Ontology - Eastern US
Class Taxonomic group, which most often is a taxonomic class.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Taxon none none
Bag# Bag # for the faunal remains.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
CulturalAffiliation Cultural period
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for CulturalAffiliation (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) EAFWG Chronology Ontology
BagVolume Volume of the sample.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Volume none none
ContextType Intra-site context
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for ContextType (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Eastern Archaic Context Types
Portion1 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Anterior/Posterior Coding sheet for Portion1 (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Anterior-Posterior Ontology
Resource Type Taxon column repeated for mapping Resource Type Ontology
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Resource Type (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Eastern Archiac Resource type ontology
Preservation State of preservation/condition of the element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Condition Coding sheet for Preservation (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Condition Ontology
Element Animal body part.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Element Coding sheet for Element (Modoc Rock Shelter, IL (11R5)-1980 Fauna dataset-West Shelter 1/16 inch waterscreen ) Fauna Element Ontology
Subsample Portion of sample that was analyzed.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Radiocarbon Date: 8920 to 4100 (ISGS, 14C dates corrected for isotopic fractionation only)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -90.085; min lat: 38.048 ; max long: -90.05; max lat: 38.077 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Mona Colburn

Field Director(s): Steven Ahler

Project Director(s): Bonnie Styles ; Melvin L. Fowler

Repository(s): Illinois State Museum


Source Collections

Illinois State Museum

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Modoc1980-WShltr-16thInchFauna.xlsx 121.97kb Jun 29, 2015 Jan 24, 2017 2:22:31 PM Embargoed Five Years
1/16 inch waterscreened faunal remains excavated in 1980. Faunal identifications were made by Holly Ann Carr using the Osteological Collections of the Illinois State Museum. Dr. Bonnie Styles checked and verified identifications for consistency.
Translated version Modoc1980-WShltr-16thInchFauna_translated.xlsx (149.90kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Mona Colburn

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America