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Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Vertebrate Fauna, 1/16" Flot

Part of the Little Freeman Cave, MO (23PU565) project

Creator(s): Mona Colburn ; Bonnie Styles ; Karli E. White

Year: 1996

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Summary

Flotation (1/16 inch mesh) vertebrate faunal remains from Test Units 1, 2, and 3 at Little Freeman Cave (23PU565) in Missouri.


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Vertebrate Fauna, 1/16" Flot. Mona Colburn, Bonnie Styles, Karli E. White. 1996 ( tDAR id: 400878) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8R212XD


Restricted Access Some or all of this resource's attached file(s) are not publicly accessible. They will be released on Nov 18, 2020

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: LilFreeCv-TU_1-3-FlotVertFauna

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Feature BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Class Taxonomic group, which most often is a taxonomic class or order.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Class none
Level Level numbered sequentially from top to bottom.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Level none none
Bag# Bag # for the faunal remains.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Lot none none
Stratum Stratum designated by the archaeologist.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
CF For referred taxa, cf-f means that "cf." is applied to the first name in the taxon field (which often is the genus); and cf-s means that "cf." is on the second name (which is usually species).
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for CF Fauna Confidence in Identification Ontology
Taxon Identification of the bone to the finest taxonomic level possible.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Taxon (Little Freeman Cave(23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/16" Flot) Fauna Taxon Ontology - Eastern US
TaxonSize Codes for animal body sizes. In the case of fish, 8 cm size categories refer to total length for bowfin and gar; and to standard length for all other fish taxa.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Taxon Size none
Resource Type Repeat of the taxon for use in mapping to Resource Type Ontology
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Resource Type (Little Freeman Cave(23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/16" Flot) Eastern Archiac Resource type ontology
Completeness Completeness of the element in quarters. Letter refers to portion and number refers to completeness in quarters. These codes are repeated in the Portion columns.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Completeness Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Completeness Fauna Completeness Ontology
NISP Number of identified specimens with the same attributes.
BIGINT  Count Fauna : Count none none
Comment Comments regarding modifications, ontogenetic age, seasonality indicators, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none
Side Symmetry or side of the animal's body.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Side Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Side Fauna Side Ontology
Cultural Affiliation Cultural period
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for Cultural Affiliation (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Vertebrate Fauna, 1/16" Flot) EAFWG Chronology Ontology
Cut Cut marks on faunal elements.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Butchering Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Butchering Fauna Butchering Ontology
Round Codes for rounding of bone. Could be due to a variety of causes, such as water rolling, abrasion, gnawing (that causes rounding), and digestion.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Other Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Rounding Fauna Erosion Ontology
HumMod Marks related to human modification of element for artifact manufacture.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Cultural Modification Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Human Modification Fauna Worked Bone Ontology
Gnaw Type of animal gnawing exhibited on faunal remains.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Gnawing/Animal Modification Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Gnawing Fauna Gnawing Ontology
Digest Pitted bones that appear to have been ingested/digested.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Digestion Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Digestion/Ingestion Fauna Digestion Ontology
TestUnit BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Unit none none
SizeFraction Screening of remains in the lab to separate a sample into >1/4" and < 1/4" size fractions for ease of sorting and identification.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Sampling none none
SubSample Subset of a larger sample; for example, a 1/4 subsample obtained with a geological riffle splitter in the lab.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Sampling none none
Element Animal body part
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Element Coding sheet for Element (Little Freeman Cave(23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/16" Flot) Fauna Element Ontology
Stain Color of stain on bone.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none
Weath Weathering exhibited by element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Weathering Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Weathering Fauna Weathering Ontology
Burn Degree/intensity of burning exhibited by the element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Burning Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Burning Fauna Burning Intensity Ontology
Portion3 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Portion/Proximal/Distal none none
Portion2 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Dorsal/Ventral none none
Recovery Screen mesh size used in recovery.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Recovery Method Coding sheet for Recovery (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Vertebrate Fauna, 1/16" Flot) EAFWG Recovery Method Ontology
Site Site name.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Site Coding sheet for Site (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Vertebrate Fauna, 1/16" Flot) Eastern Archaic Site Type
Portion1 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Anterior/Posterior none none
ExcYear Year of excavation.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Radiocarbon Date: 8190 to 8030 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS-3535, Stratum 4, Upper Tier Area (Test Unit 3, level 8), Early Archaic)

Radiocarbon Date: 5520 to 5300 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS3544, Strata 3-4-4B, Northwest Area (Test Unit 8), late Middle Archaic to Late Archaic component)

Radiocarbon Date: 8161 to 8101 (uncorrected RCYBP, Stratum 3-Middle (Test Unit 3, Level 6, Bag 147), Upper Tier Area, bison bone, date is older than the late Middle Archaic cultural assignment for this level, but Stratum 4 in this unit yielded the date of 8110 plus or minus 80 RCYBP)

Radiocarbon Date: 7580 to 7320 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS-3542, Stratum 3, Upper Tier (Test Unit 6, level 9), early Middle Archaic)

Radiocarbon Date: 4190 to 4050 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS 3539, Feature 4, top of Stratum 3, Test Unit 7, Upper Tier, Late Archaic)

Radiocarbon Date: 9330 to 8870 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS-3538, Stratum 1, Rock Removal Area (Test Unit 4), Early Archaic)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -92.505; min lat: 37.71 ; max long: -92.417; max lat: 37.733 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Mona Colburn

Contributor(s): Robert Warren ; Karli White

Field Director(s): Steven R. Ahler

Project Director(s): Bonnie Styles


Source Collections

US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory 2902 Newmark Dr, Champaign, IL 61822

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
LilFreeCv-TU_1-3-FlotVertFauna.xlsx 58.15kb Nov 18, 2015 Aug 5, 2016 1:05:32 PM Embargoed Five Years
Flotation (1/16 inch mesh) vertebrate faunal remains from Test Units 1, 2 and 3 at Little Freeman Cave (23PU565) in Missouri.
Translated version LilFreeCv-TU_1-3-FlotVertFauna_translated.xlsx (68.88kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Mona Colburn

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America