tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500)-Fauna dataset 1/16" flotation

Part of the Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500) project

Creator(s): Mona Colburn ; Bonnie Styles

Year: 1979

» Downloads & Basic Metadata

Summary

Napoleon Hollow (11PK500) is located at the base of the bluff and in the floodplain adjacent to the lower Illinois River in Pike County, Illinois. The site was excavated in 1979 and 1980 by the Center for American Archeology (Dr. Michael Wiant, Site Director) for the Central Illinois Expressway with funding from the Illinois Department of Transportation. Archaic deposits were encountered in alluvial deposits in the Illinois River and Napoleon Creek floodplains and in colluvial fan deposits along the base of the Illinois River bluff. Early, Middle, and Late Woodland remains were also preserved.

Flotation faunal remains were collected with 1/16" mesh via water flotation of the heavy fraction (which includes the faunal remains) . Middle and Late Archaic faunal remains are well-preserved. Bones and freshwater mussel shells associated were identified at the Illinois State Museum by Holly Carr, Mona Colburn, Elliott Lax, and Scott Crye under the direction of Drs. Bonnie Styles and James R. Purdue. Identifications were verified by Dr. Styles (freshwater mussels, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and large and medium mammals) and Dr. Purdue (small mammals).


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500)-Fauna dataset 1/16" flotation. Mona Colburn, Bonnie Styles. 1979 ( tDAR id: 400965) ; doi:10.6067/XCV86M38D0


Restricted Access Some or all of this resource's attached file(s) are not publicly accessible. They will be released on Nov 29, 2020

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: NapoleonHollow-11PK500--FlotFauna

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
SpArea Special area is a recognizable area that may extend through multiple levels, but is not identified as a feature.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
ContextType Intra-site context
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for ContextType (Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500)-Fauna dataset 1/16" flotation) Eastern Archaic Context Types
Bag# Bag # of the faunal remains
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Lot none none
TaxonSize Codes for animal body sizes. In the case of fish, 8 cm size categories refer to total length for bowfin and gar; and to standard length for all other fish taxa.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Other Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Taxon Size none
Portion1 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Anterior/Posterior Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Portion1 Fauna Anterior-Posterior Ontology
Portion2 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Dorsal/Ventral Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Portion2 Fauna Dorsal-Ventral Ontology
Portion3 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Portion/Proximal/Distal Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Portion3 Fauna Proximal-Distal/Portion Ontology
Complete Completeness of the element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Completeness Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Completeness Fauna Completeness Ontology
Sex Sex of taxon
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Sex Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Taxon Sex Fauna Sex Ontology
AgeCrit Criteria for determining relative/ontogenetic age of an element/taxon
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Age Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Taxon Ontogenetic Age Criteria none
RelAge Relative age (ontogenetic age) of element
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Age Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Relative (Ontogenetic) Age Fauna Age Ontology
Element Animal body part
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Element Coding sheet for Element (Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500)-Fauna dataset 1/16" flotation) Fauna Element Ontology
PofID Probability of taxonomic identification.
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for CF Fauna Confidence in Identification Ontology
Subsample Subset of a sample; for example a 1/4 subsample obtained with a geological riffle splitter in the lab.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Sampling none none
Burn Degree/intensity of burning exhibited by the element
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Burning Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Burning Fauna Burning Intensity Ontology
Preserv Quality of bone preservation
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Condition Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Quality of Bone Preservation Fauna Condition Ontology
Gnaw Type of animal gnawing exhibited on faunal element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Gnawing/Animal Modification Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Gnawing Fauna Gnawing Ontology
Modify Marks related to human modification of element for artifact manufacture or during food processing.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Cultural Modification Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Human Modification for lower Illinois River Valley Fauna Worked Bone Ontology
Artifact Artifact type
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Cultural Modification Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Bone Artifacts for lower Illinois River Valley none
HF_Loc Location of butchering marks on the faunal remains
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Butchering Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Butchering Mark Location for lower Illinois River Valley Fauna Butchering Ontology
Side Symmetry or side of the animal's body
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Side Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Side Fauna Side Ontology
CulturalAffiliation Cultural component
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for CulturalAffiliation (Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500)-Fauna dataset 1/16" flotation) EAFWG Chronology Ontology
Zone Distinguishable zone within a level
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
Site Name of the site
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Site Coding sheet for Site (Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500)-Fauna dataset 1/16" flotation) Eastern Archaic Site Type
Level Level within the square; numbered sequentially from top to bottom.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Level none none
ExcYr Year of excavation
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none
Recovery Recovery method, screen mesh size used in recovery
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Recovery Method Coding sheet for Recovery (Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500)-Fauna dataset 1/16" flotation) EAFWG Recovery Method Ontology
Class Taxonomic grouping, which is usually class or order
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Class none
Unit Unit/Square number.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Unit none none
Weath Codes for weathering exhibited by element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Weathering Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Weathering Fauna Weathering Ontology
Feature Feature ID number
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature ID/Number none none
FracAge Codes for age of bone breakage
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Breakage Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Fracture Age Fauna Origin of Fragmentation Ontology
Artic Articulation of bone elements, or fitting of broken bones
BIGINT  Coded Value Fauna : Other Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Articulation of Bones none
Taxon Identification of the bone to the finest taxonomic level possible
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Taxon (Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500)-Fauna dataset 1/16" flotation) Fauna Taxon Ontology - Eastern US
Resource Type Taxon column repeated for mapping Resource Type Ontology
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Resource Type (Napoleon Hollow, IL (11PK500)-Fauna dataset 1/16" flotation) Eastern Archiac Resource type ontology
Digest Codes for digested bone.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Digestion Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Digestion/Ingestion Fauna Digestion Ontology
NISP Number of identified specimens with the same attributes
BIGINT  Count Fauna : Count none none
Comment Comments regarding modifications, ontogenetic age, seasonal indicators, ritting or articulation of bones/fragments etc.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Radiocarbon Date: 7190 to 6919 (uncalibrated RCYBP, Middle Archaic component)

Radiocarbon Date: 5760 to 5580 (uncalibrated RCBP, Helton component)

Radiocarbon Date: 6800 to 6660 (uncalibrated RCYP, Napoleon component)

Radiocarbon Date: 5350 to 5210 (uncalibrated RCYBP, Helton component)

Radiocarbon Date: 6880 to 6720 (uncalibrated RCYBP, Napoleon component)

Radiocarbon Date: 6730 to 6530 (uncalibrated RCYP, Napoleon component)

Radiocarbon Date: 5390 to 5250 (uncalibrated RCYBP, Helton component)

Radiocarbon Date: 6170 to 5990 (uncalibrated RCYP, Helton component)

Radiocarbon Date: 5250 to 5110 (uncalibrated RCYBP, Helton component)

Radiocarbon Date: 5420 to 5280 (uncalibrated RCYP, Helton component)

Radiocarbon Date: 7250 to 6750 (uncalibrated RCYBP, Napoleon component)

Radiocarbon Date: 5210 to 5070 (uncalibrated RCYBP, Helton component)

Radiocarbon Date: 4135 to 3985 (uuncalibrated RCYBP, Titterinton componett)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -90.674; min lat: 39.667 ; max long: -90.642; max lat: 39.709 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Mona Colburn

Field Director(s): Michael D. Wiant

Project Director(s): Bonnie Styles


Source Collections

Illinois State Museum

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
NapoleonHollow-11PK500--FlotFauna.xlsx 709.46kb Nov 30, 2015 Aug 31, 2016 2:30:22 PM Embargoed Five Years
Faunal remains from Napoleon Hollow site, IL (11PK500) recovered with water flotation and 1/16" mesh.
Translated version NapoleonHollow-11PK500--FlotFauna_translated.xlsx (1.13mb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Mona Colburn

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America