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Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)-Vertebrate Fauna, 1/4" screen

Part of the Little Freeman Cave, MO (23PU565) project

Creator(s): Mona Colburn ; Bonnie Styles ; Karli E. White

Year: 1996

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Summary

Faunal remains collected from Test Units 1 through 5 and 8 by screening through 1/4 inch mesh at Little Freeman Cave (23PU565) in Missouri.


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)-Vertebrate Fauna, 1/4" screen. Mona Colburn, Bonnie Styles, Karli E. White. 1996 ( tDAR id: 401048) ; doi:10.6067/XCV87M09H2


Restricted Access Some or all of this resource's attached file(s) are not publicly accessible. They will be released on Dec 7, 2020

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: LilFreeCv-TU_1-5and8-ScreenVertFauna

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
ContextType Intra-site context
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for ContextType (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Eastern Archaic Context Types
NISP Number of identified specimens with the same attributes.
BIGINT  Count Fauna : Count none none
Comment Comments regarding modifications, ontogenetic age, seasonality indicators, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none
Taxon Identification of the bone to the finest taxonomic level possible.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Taxon (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Taxon Ontology - Eastern US
Resource Type Repeat of the taxon for use in mapping to Resource Type Ontology
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Resource Type (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Eastern Archiac Resource type ontology
Element Animal body part
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Element Coding sheet for Element (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Element Ontology
Recovery Screen mesh size used in recovery.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Recovery Method Coding sheet for Recovery (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) EAFWG Recovery Method Ontology
TestUnit BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Unit none none
Level Level numbered sequentially from top to bottom.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Level none none
Bag# Bag # for the faunal remains.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Lot none none
Stratum Stratum designated by the archaeologist.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Class Taxonomic group, which most often is a taxonomic class or order.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Class none
CF For referred taxa, cf-f means that "cf." is applied to the first name in the taxon field (which often is the genus); and cf-s means that "cf." is on the second name (which is usually species).
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for CF Fauna Confidence in Identification Ontology
TaxonSize Codes for animal body sizes. In the case of fish, 8 cm size categories refer to total length for bowfin and gar; and to standard length for all other fish taxa.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Taxon Size none
Side Symmetry or side of the animal's body.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Side Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Side Fauna Side Ontology
Completeness Completeness of the element in quarters.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Completeness Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Completeness Fauna Completeness Ontology
Cultural Affiliation Cultural period
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for Cultural Affiliation (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) EAFWG Chronology Ontology
Portion2 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Dorsal/Ventral Coding sheet for Portion2 (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Dorsal-Ventral Ontology
Portion1 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Anterior/Posterior Coding sheet for Portion1 (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Anterior-Posterior Ontology
Cut Cut marks on faunal elements.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Butchering Coding sheet for Cut (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Butchering Ontology
HumMod Marks related to human modification of element for artifact manufacture.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Cultural Modification Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Human Modification Fauna Worked Bone Ontology
Stain Color of stain on bone.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none
Round Codes for rounding of bone. Could be due to a variety of causes, such as water rolling, abrasion, gnawing (that causes rounding), and digestion.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Other Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Rounding Fauna Erosion Ontology
Digest Pitted bones that appear to have been ingested/digested.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Digestion Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Digestion/Ingestion Fauna Digestion Ontology
Site Site name.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Site Coding sheet for Site (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Eastern Archaic Site Type
Gnaw Type of animal gnawing exhibited on faunal remains.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Gnawing/Animal Modification Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Gnawing Fauna Gnawing Ontology
ExcYear Year of excavation.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none
Weath Weathering exhibited by element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Weathering Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Weathering Fauna Weathering Ontology
Burn Degree/intensity of burning exhibited by the element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Burning Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Burning Fauna Burning Intensity Ontology
Portion3 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Portion/Proximal/Distal Coding sheet for Portion3 (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)-Vertebrate Fauna, 1/4" screen ) Fauna Proximal-Distal/Portion Ontology

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Radiocarbon Date: 8190 to 8030 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS-3535, Stratum 4, Upper Tier Area (Test Unit 3, level 8), Early Archaic)

Radiocarbon Date: 5520 to 5300 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS3544, Strata 3-4-4B, Northwest Area (Test Unit 8), late Middle Archaic to Late Archaic component)

Radiocarbon Date: 8161 to 8101 (uncorrected RCYBP, Stratum 3-Middle (Test Unit 3, Level 6, Bag 147), Upper Tier Area, bison bone, date is older than the late Middle Archaic cultural assignment for this level, but Stratum 4 in this unit yielded the date of 8110 plus or minus 80 RCYBP)

Radiocarbon Date: 7580 to 7320 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS-3542, Stratum 3, Upper Tier (Test Unit 6, level 9), early Middle Archaic)

Radiocarbon Date: 4190 to 4050 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS 3539, Feature 4, top of Stratum 3, Test Unit 7, Upper Tier, Late Archaic)

Radiocarbon Date: 9330 to 8870 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS-3538, Stratum 1, Rock Removal Area (Test Unit 4), Early Archaic)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -92.505; min lat: 37.71 ; max long: -92.417; max lat: 37.733 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Mona Colburn

Contributor(s): Robert Warren ; Karli White

Field Director(s): Steven R. Ahler

Project Director(s): Bonnie Styles


Source Collections

US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory 2902 Newmark Dr, Champaign, IL 61822

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
LilFreeCv-TU_1-5and8-ScreenVertFauna.xlsx 434.18kb Dec 6, 2015 Aug 5, 2016 12:03:13 PM Embargoed Five Years
1/4 inch screened vertebrate faunal remains collected from Test Units 1 through 5 and 8 at Little Freeman Cave (23PU565) in Missouri.
Translated version LilFreeCv-TU_1-5and8-ScreenVertFauna_translated.xlsx (650.23kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Mona Colburn

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America