Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)-Vertebrate Fauna, 1/4" screen

Part of the Little Freeman Cave, MO (23PU565) project

Creator(s): Mona Colburn; Bonnie Styles; Karli E. White

Year: 1996

Summary

Faunal remains collected from Test Units 1 through 5 and 8 by screening through 1/4 inch mesh at Little Freeman Cave (23PU565) in Missouri.

Cite this Record

Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)-Vertebrate Fauna, 1/4" screen. Mona Colburn, Bonnie Styles, Karli E. White. 1996 ( tDAR id: 401048) ; doi:10.6067/XCV87M09H2

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: LilFreeCv-TU_1-5and8-ScreenVertFauna

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology Search
Portion3 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Portion/Proximal/Distal Coding sheet for Portion3 (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)-Vertebrate Fauna, 1/4" screen ) Fauna Proximal-Distal/Portion Ontology true
Burn Degree/intensity of burning exhibited by the element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Burning Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Burning Fauna Burning Intensity Ontology true
Weath Weathering exhibited by element.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Weathering Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Weathering Fauna Weathering Ontology true
ExcYear Year of excavation.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Date none none true
Gnaw Type of animal gnawing exhibited on faunal remains.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Gnawing/Animal Modification Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Gnawing Fauna Gnawing Ontology true
Site Site name.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Site Coding sheet for Site (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Eastern Archaic Site Type true
Digest Pitted bones that appear to have been ingested/digested.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Digestion Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Digestion/Ingestion Fauna Digestion Ontology true
Round Codes for rounding of bone. Could be due to a variety of causes, such as water rolling, abrasion, gnawing (that causes rounding), and digestion.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Other Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Rounding Fauna Erosion Ontology true
Stain Color of stain on bone.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none true
HumMod Marks related to human modification of element for artifact manufacture.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Cultural Modification Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Human Modification Fauna Worked Bone Ontology true
Cut Cut marks on faunal elements.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Butchering Coding sheet for Cut (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Butchering Ontology true
Portion1 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Anterior/Posterior Coding sheet for Portion1 (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Anterior-Posterior Ontology true
Portion2 Portion of the element. Code(s) is/are duplicated in Portion1, Portion 2, and Portion 3 so that our codes can be mapped to 3 different tDAR ontologies that describe an element's portion and orientation.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Dorsal/Ventral Coding sheet for Portion2 (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Dorsal-Ventral Ontology true
Cultural Affiliation Cultural period
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for Cultural Affiliation (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) EAFWG Chronology Ontology true
Completeness Completeness of the element in quarters.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Completeness Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Completeness Fauna Completeness Ontology true
Side Symmetry or side of the animal's body.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Side Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Side Fauna Side Ontology true
TaxonSize Codes for animal body sizes. In the case of fish, 8 cm size categories refer to total length for bowfin and gar; and to standard length for all other fish taxa.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Taxon Size none true
CF For referred taxa, cf-f means that "cf." is applied to the first name in the taxon field (which often is the genus); and cf-s means that "cf." is on the second name (which is usually species).
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for CF Fauna Confidence in Identification Ontology true
Class Taxonomic group, which most often is a taxonomic class or order.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Illinois State Museum coding sheet for Class none true
Stratum Stratum designated by the archaeologist.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none true
Bag# Bag # for the faunal remains.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Lot none none true
Level Level numbered sequentially from top to bottom.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Level none none true
TestUnit BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Unit none none true
Recovery Screen mesh size used in recovery.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Recovery Method Coding sheet for Recovery (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) EAFWG Recovery Method Ontology true
Element Animal body part
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Element Coding sheet for Element (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Element Ontology true
Resource Type Repeat of the taxon for use in mapping to Resource Type Ontology
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Resource Type (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Eastern Archaic Resource type ontology true
Taxon Identification of the bone to the finest taxonomic level possible.
VARCHAR  Coded Value Fauna : Taxon Coding sheet for Taxon (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Fauna Taxon Ontology - Eastern US true
Comment Comments regarding modifications, ontogenetic age, seasonality indicators, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Fauna : Other none none true
NISP Number of identified specimens with the same attributes.
BIGINT  Count Fauna : Count none none true
ContextType Intra-site context
VARCHAR  Coded Value Provenience and Context : Context Coding sheet for ContextType (Little Freeman Cave (23PU565)- Fauna dataset-1/4" screen ) Eastern Archaic Context Types true

Temporal Coverage

Radiocarbon Date: 8190 to 8030 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS-3535, Stratum 4, Upper Tier Area (Test Unit 3, level 8), Early Archaic)

Radiocarbon Date: 5520 to 5300 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS3544, Strata 3-4-4B, Northwest Area (Test Unit 8), late Middle Archaic to Late Archaic component)

Radiocarbon Date: 8161 to 8101 (uncorrected RCYBP, Stratum 3-Middle (Test Unit 3, Level 6, Bag 147), Upper Tier Area, bison bone, date is older than the late Middle Archaic cultural assignment for this level, but Stratum 4 in this unit yielded the date of 8110 plus or minus 80 RCYBP)

Radiocarbon Date: 7580 to 7320 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS-3542, Stratum 3, Upper Tier (Test Unit 6, level 9), early Middle Archaic)

Radiocarbon Date: 4190 to 4050 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS 3539, Feature 4, top of Stratum 3, Test Unit 7, Upper Tier, Late Archaic)

Radiocarbon Date: 9330 to 8870 (uncorrected RCYBP, ISGS-3538, Stratum 1, Rock Removal Area (Test Unit 4), Early Archaic)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -92.505; min lat: 37.71 ; max long: -92.417; max lat: 37.733 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Mona Colburn

Contributor(s): Robert Warren; Karli White

Field Director(s): Steven R. Ahler

Project Director(s): Bonnie Styles

Source Collections

US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory 2902 Newmark Dr, Champaign, IL 61822

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
LilFreeCv-TU_1-5and8-ScreenVertFauna.xlsx 434.18kb Dec 6, 2015 Aug 5, 2016 12:03:13 PM Public
1/4 inch screened vertebrate faunal remains collected from Test Units 1 through 5 and 8 at Little Freeman Cave (23PU565) in Missouri.
  • Translated version LilFreeCv-TU_1-5and8-ScreenVertFauna_translated.xlsx (639.94kb)
    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated: