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40RD299, TN Faunal Data

Creator(s): Tanya Peres

Year: 2015

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Summary

Ancient Native American use of caves in the Eastern Woodlands occurred throughout the entire span of regional prehistory; however, the ways that these natural features were used varied considerably over time. To date only 25 cave sites containing deposits dated to the Archaic period (ca. 10,000–3000 B.P.) are recorded in the state of Tennessee, representing just 0.4% of the total known Archaic sites. In 2014 the authors conducted a salvage operation, bucket auger survey, and limited testing at the site of Black Cat Cave (40RD299) in Rutherford County, Tennessee to assess looting damage and assist in the installation of a security gate across the cave entrance. These investigations identified Black Cat Cave as the site of significant mortuary activity during the Middle Archaic (ca. 6460–6360 B.P.), and resulted in the recovery of rare Archaic faunal data from a cave setting. Analysis of faunal materials from the site allows us to add important new information to our understanding of ancient Native American landscape use in the Eastern Woodlands during the mid-Holocene.


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Cite this Record

40RD299, TN Faunal Data. Tanya Peres. 2015 ( tDAR id: 427065) ; doi:10.6067/XCV841702Z


URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.06.010


Restricted Access Some or all of this resource's attached file(s) are not publicly accessible. They will be released on Jan 6, 2022

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: 40RD299

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Animal Modif BIGINT  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Animal Modif (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Fauna Gnawing Ontology
Completeness VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Completeness (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Fauna Completeness Ontology
Unfused BIGINT  Count uncategorized none none
Comments VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
L BIGINT  Count uncategorized none none
R BIGINT  Count uncategorized none none
Count BIGINT  Count uncategorized none none
Weight (g) VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Heat Alteration VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Heat Alteration (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Fauna Burning Intensity Ontology
Weathered VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Weathered (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Fauna Weathering Ontology
Cultural Modif Count BIGINT  Count uncategorized none none
Worked Bone (Tool) VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Worked Bone (Tool) (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Fauna Worked Bone Ontology
Food Processing Mark VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Food Processing Mark (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Fauna Butchering Ontology
Site VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
FS BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Provenience VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Chronology VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Chronology (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) EAFWG Chronology Ontology
Recovery VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Recovery (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) EAFWG Recovery Method Ontology
Taxon VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Taxon (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Fauna Taxon Ontology - Eastern US
Resource Type Taxon VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Resource Type Taxon (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Eastern Archiac Resource type ontology
Element VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Element (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Fauna Element Ontology
Proximal/Distal VARCHAR  Coded Value uncategorized Coding sheet for Proximal/Distal (40RD299, TN Faunal Data) Fauna Proximal-Distal/Portion Ontology

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Radiocarbon Date: 6390 to 6330 (6360 +/- 30 RCYBP)

Radiocarbon Date: 6490 to 6430 (6460 +/- 30 RCYBP)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -86.569; min lat: 35.777 ; max long: -86.087; max lat: 36.004 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Tanya Peres


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Black-Cat-Cave-Primary-Zooarch-Data-for-tDAR-3ab.xlsx 49.42kb Jan 7, 2017 Mar 23, 2017 9:38:43 AM Embargoed Five Years
40RD299 faunal data
Translated version Black-Cat-Cave-Primary-Zooarch-Data-for-tDAR-3ab_translated.xlsx (63.62kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Tanya Peres

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America