The Prehistory and Management of Cultural Resources in the Red Mountain Area
Editor(s): Harry W. Lawton
The report is comprised of two separate "working papers" on the prehistory of the California Desert: 1) Background to Prehistory of the El Paso / Red Mountain Desert Region; and 2) An Archaeological Protection and Stabilization Plan for the Squaw Spring Well Archaeological District near Red Mountain, California.
The first report represents the second in a series of regional (i.e., Planning Unit) studies undertaken or scheduled for the California Desert Planning Program, United States Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management. Both the initial report, "Background to Prehistory of the Yuha Desert Region" (Weide and Barker 1974), and the present one were prepared by the Archaeological Research Unit, Dry Lands Research Institute, University of California, Riverside.
The intent of these studies is to provide the BLM with an overview of information pertaining to the prehistory of a planning unit, which can then serve as background for the cultural resource section of the Unit Resource Analysis. Basic objectives in the studies are to describe and discuss available archaeological and ethnological data. The information is presented in terms of ethnohistory and ethnography, previous archaeological research, culture history (or sequence), potential archaeological significance, and archaeological sensitive areas within the planning unit. Ultimately, the background information may be incorporated into a program of statistical sampling of archaeological inventory areas in the California Desert under development by the BLM (cf. Weide 1973; Weide and Barker 1974:90-96). The program is being designed to yield projections of patterns of site locations and densities in the desert which, ideally, will be instrumental in long-term planning of use and development in the California Desert.
The second report details a plan to protect and stabilize the Squaw Spring Well Archaeological District. A request for determination of National Register eligibility pursuant to Executive Order 11593 was made in 1976. On July 19, 1976, the Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation of the National Park Service determined that the area "...is eligible for inclusion in the National Register." Additionally commenting that the district..." is significant because it forms one of the principal hubs for a larger network of subsistence and economic activities (and) further study of this area will likely yield important information on regional culture history, on processes of big game hunting and associated ritual, plant food processing (and gathering) and paleo-environmental reconstructions." The formal nomination was submitted to the Keeper of the National Register of Historic Places in 1981. Monies were allocated for protection of the district during the fiscal year 1978. In 1979 the large protective sign and the protective fence were emplaced to protect the resources at Squaw Spring. In 1981 the permaloy descriptive sign was placed within the district, completing the physical elements of the protection project.
Originally the information in this record was migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. In 2014, as part of its effort to improve tDAR content, the Center for Digital Antiquity uploaded a copy of the document and further improved the record metadata.
Cite this Record
The Prehistory and Management of Cultural Resources in the Red Mountain Area. Michael C. Hall, James P. Barker, Russell L. Kaldenberg, Jan Townsend, Harry W. Lawton. Cultural resource publications: anthropology-history. Riverside, California: Bureau of Land Management, Calif. Desert District. 1981 ( tDAR id: 191058) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8Z89DDT
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Allenrolfea occidentalis • Antiquities • Aristida • Artemisia spinescens • Artemisia tridentata • Atriplex • Cercocarpus ledifalius • Chrysothamnus nauseosus • Class I Review • Coleogyne ramosissima • Cowania stansburiana • Cultural History • Cultural Resource • Encelia farinosa • Ephedra • Eriogonum fasciculatum • Eurotia lanata • Fallugia paradoxa • Fouquieria splendens • Franseria dumosa • Haplopappus • Hunting Blinds • Hymenoclea salsola • Indians of North America • Juniperus californica • Juniperus occidentalis • Juniperus osteosperma • Larrea divaricata • Lycium • Major Plant Communities • Management • National Register District • National Register of historic Places eligibility • National Register of Historic places nomination forms • Opuntia • Penstemon speciosus • Pinus jeffreyi • Pinus monophylla • Poa • Prehistory • Proposed Cultural Sequence • Purshia • Purshia tridentata • Quercus turbinella • Salazaria mexicana • Sarcobatus vermiculatus • Sensitive Archaeological Areas • Sensitive Archeological Areas • Squaw Spring Well District • Stabilization • Stabilization Plan • Stipa • Tetradymia axillaris • Yucca baccata • Yucca brevifolia • Yucca schidigera Show More
06029 (Fips Code) • 06071 (Fips Code) • Argus Range • California • Cuddeback Lake • Harper Lake • Inyo (County) • Kern (County) • Lake Harper • Lake Searles • Lava Mountain • Mojave Desert • North America (Continent) • Red Mountain Region • San Bernardino (County) • Searles Lake • United States of America (Country)
Amorgosa II • Death Valley I • Death Valley II • Death Valley III • Death Valley IV • Early Lake Cottonwood • Early-middle Rose spring • Early Milling Phase • Early Mohave • Fluted Co-Tradition • Fluted Point Tradition • Great Basin Archaic • Lake Mohave Complex • Late Prehistoric • Late Rose Spring • Little lake phase • Morona • Newberry phase • Pinto Basin • San Diguito Complex • Western Lithic Co-Tradition • Western Pluvial Lakes Tradition
min long: -118.268; min lat: 34.954 ; max long: -117.237; max lat: 35.86 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Sponsor(s): Bureau of Land Management
NADB document id number(s): 1040087; 1044217; 1061071; 1040088; 000000018682; 1040086; 1080201
NADB citation id number(s): 000000012547; 000000012545; 000000012546; 000000020005; 000000015616
General Note: Originally this record was automatically added to tDAR from NADB. In 2014, a copy of the document was added and the record metadata was updated. There were multiple additional records (tDAR id: 132381, 191056, 191057, 183108, 127395) for this document, which have been marked as "duplicate".
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|prehistorymanage00hall.pdf||10.66mb||Nov 10, 2014 10:52:15 AM||Public|