Cultural Affiliation Report, Chapter 3: Review of Traditional Historical and Ethnographic Information

Part of the Archaeology of Kennewick Man project

Author(s): Daniel L. Boxberger

Year: 2000


This report has been prepared under contract with the National Park Service for the purpose of investigating the ethnographic and historical data concerning the cultural affiliation of the Kennewick human remains. Specifically I was asked to review published and archival materials related to the traditional ethnography, including traditional histories, kinship and patterns of residence, trade and social networks, artifact types and dwellings, community and settlement patterns, and economic and subsistence patterns. The documented historic database was also to be reviewed but was considered secondary. The specifications of this contract were to focus on the period prior to the written historical record, 1805, and extending back to the approximate date of the Kennewick human remains, circa 9,500 BP. The determinations of the Indian Claims Commission were to be consulted for the approximate boundaries of tribal territories and based on these determinations and stated interest the following recognized and non-recognized tribes were to be considered in this report: the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Indian Nation; the Nez Perce Tribe; the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation; the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Indian Reservation; and the Wanapum Band of Indians, a non-federally recognized tribe.

Cite this Record

Cultural Affiliation Report, Chapter 3: Review of Traditional Historical and Ethnographic Information. Daniel L. Boxberger. Cultural Affiliation Report ,Chapter 3. Washington, DC: National Park Service, Department of the Interior. 2000 ( tDAR id: 376904) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8VD6Z4K

Spatial Coverage

min long: -119.165; min lat: 46.213 ; max long: -119.128; max lat: 46.231 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contributor(s): Stacy Rasmus


General Note: Some of the reports included in the project were posted originally and hosted on a public website created and maintained by the National Park Service and Department of the Interior.

General Note: Some documents were converted from the NPS website ( by cutting and pasting the website text and images into Word 2007 and exporting the .docx file to PDF via Adobe Acrobat 8 Standard.

General Note: Tables, Figures, and Bibliographic references for individual reports or chapters in reports that were formerly accessed via hyperlinks have been appended to the end of each relevant document.

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