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Kennewick Man Archaeological Site (Site Name Keyword)

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The Archaeology of Kennewick Man

PROJECT Francis McManamon. Corps of Engineers. Department of the Interior.

This project includes background information, detailed reports of investigations, summaries, and other documents related to the Kennewick Man. Kennewick Man, also called "the Ancient One" by some, is an ancient individual represented by his nearly complete skeletal remains. The remains were discovered in 1996 under the waters of Lake Wallula, a reservoir in the Columbia River, near Kennewick, Washington. Controversy concerning the study and treatment of the remains was not resolved until a...


Behind the Scenes--Geology of the Site: Full report on the geoarchaeological data and research objectives (1998)

DOCUMENT Thomas W. Stafford.

Stafford presents in this document an argument for additional testing, in this case archaeological excavations of the area of the Columbia River floodplain immediately adjacent to where the remains of Kennewick Man were discovered. He and others submitted, on August 26, 1997, an application to the Walla Walla District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for an ARPA permit to authorize study of the site where the Kennewick Man skeleton was found (hereafter, the "Site"). The permit application...


Cultural Affiliation Report Kennewick Man: All Chapters (2000)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon. Jason Roberts. Brooke S. Blades. Kenneth Ames. Daniel L. Boxberger. Stacy Rasmus. Eugene S. Hunn. Steven Hackenberger.

The general goals of this study are to identify, describe and summarize mortuary patterns and bio-archaeological studies within the Pacific Northwest. A major purpose is to compile this information in a form that will help address the possible cultural affiliation of Kennewick human remains with present-day Indian tribes. The specific objective is to identify continuities, discontinuities, and gaps in mortuary information and bio-archaeological data for the Middle Columbia River region from 9500...


Cultural Affiliation Report, Chapter 1: Background and Scope for the Kennewick Man Cultural Affiliation Reports (2000)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon. Jason Roberts. Brooke S. Blades.

As part of its responsibilities in the Kennewick Man case, the Department of the Interior was trying to make a determination of the disposition of the human remains under the requirements of NAGPRA. Since the issue of disposition was at least in part related to whether the remains could be culturally affiliated under the terms of NAGPRA, four studies by experts in anthropological, archaeological, cultural, and historical topics relevant to this determination were undertaken by the DOI....


Cultural Affiliation Report, Chapter 2: Review of the Archaeological Data (2000)

DOCUMENT Kenneth Ames.

This report is part of the cultural affiliation study, under NAGPRA, of the Kennewick human remains. The circumstances of the finding of those remains, and the resulting controversies, are well enough known not to require rehearsal here. The present work reviews the extant archaeological record for the Southern Columbia Plateau.


Cultural Affiliation Report, Chapter 3: Review of Traditional Historical and Ethnographic Information (2000)

DOCUMENT Daniel L. Boxberger.

This report has been prepared under contract with the National Park Service for the purpose of investigating the ethnographic and historical data concerning the cultural affiliation of the Kennewick human remains. Specifically I was asked to review published and archival materials related to the traditional ethnography, including traditional histories, kinship and patterns of residence, trade and social networks, artifact types and dwellings, community and settlement patterns, and economic and...


Cultural Affiliation Report, Chapter 4: Review of Linguistic Information (2000)

DOCUMENT Eugene S. Hunn.

The Kennewick Man remains were found in shallow water along the edge of the Columbia River. It is believed that the remains eroded from the river bank at Columbia Park in what now is Kennewick, Washington, in July 1996. Preliminary C14 dating of the bone suggested the remains might be approximately 9,000 (C14) years old. At issue is the application of provisions of NAGPRA with regard to the repatriation of the remains to a coalition of tribes and bands (Confederated Tribes of the Colville...


Cultural Affiliation Report, Chapter 5: Cultural Affiliation Study of the Kennewick Human Remains: Review of Bio-Archaeological Information (2000)

DOCUMENT Steven Hackenberger.

The general goals of this study are to identify, describe and summarize mortuary patterns and bio-archaeological studies within the Pacific Northwest. A major purpose is to compile this information in a form that will help address the possible cultural affiliation of Kennewick human remains with present-day Indian tribes. The specific objective is to identify continuities, discontinuities, and gaps in mortuary information and bio-archaeological data for the Middle Columbia River region from 9500...


Geologic, Geoarchaeologic, and Historical Investigation of the Discovery Site of Ancient Remains in Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington (1998)

DOCUMENT Lillian D. Wakeley. William L. Murphy. Joseph Dunbar. Andrew G. Warne. Frederick L. Briuer. Paul R. Nickens.

During December 1997, a research team from the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES) conducted geologic investigations at a site in Columbia Park, Kennewick, WA, where human remains had been found in the summer of 1996. This study was conducted at the request of the U.S. Army Engineer District, Walla Walla (CENWW), in support of the Corps' resource stewardship responsibilities and to represent the Federal interest in legal issues related to the remains known as Kennewick Man. It...


Geologic, Geoarchaeologic, and Historical Investigation of the Discovery Site of Ancient Remains in Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington (1998)

DOCUMENT Lillian D. Wakeley. William L. Murphy. Joseph B. Dunbar. Andrew G. Warne. Frederick L. Briuer. Paul R. Nickens.

During December 1997, a research team from the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES) conducted geologic investigations at a site in Columbia Park, Kennewick, W A where human remains had been found in the summer of 1996. This study was conducted at the request of the U.S. Army Engineer District, Walla Walla (CENWW), in support of the Corps' resource stewardship responsibilities and to represent the Federal interest in legal issues related to the remains known as Kennewick Man. It...


An Interagency Agreement Between DOA and DOI on the Delegation of Responsibilities for the Kennewick Human Remains [March 24, 1998] (1998)

DOCUMENT Donald J. Barry. Jason L. Spiegel.

Interagency Agreement Between the Department of the Army and the Department of the Interior on the Delegation of Responsibilities under Section 3 of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act pertaining to Human Remains Discovered Near the City of Kennewick, Washington.


An Introducton and Index to Documents and Reports about the Kennewick Man (2013)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon.

This document provides an overview, introduction, and listing of the various reports and related documents regarding the Kennewick Man remains.


Kennewick Man Case: Scientific Studies and Legal Issues (2014)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon.

The human skeletal remains referred to as the "Kennewick Man" or the "Ancient One", were found in July 1996 below the surface of Lake Wallula, a section of the Columbia River pooled behind McNary Dam in Kennewick, Washington. The discovery was made by a pair of college students wading in the shallow water along the southern lake bank. Most commentators and reporters described the legal controversy that developed and swirled around the Kennewick remains in rather super-heated rhetoric pitting...


Letter from Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt to Secretary of the Army Louis Caldera Regarding Disposition of the Kennewick Human Remains (2000)

DOCUMENT Bruce Babbitt.

This letter describes the Department of Interior's (DOI) final determination and resolution of the issues delegated to DOI by the Department of the Army (DOA) in a March 1998 interagency agreement. In this agreement, DOI agreed to make the following two determinations related to the set of human skeletal remains recovered on July 26, 1996, from Columbia Park, land controlled by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE), near the city of Kennewick, Benton County, Washington: 1) whether these human...


Letter--Departmental Consulting Archeologist, DOI-NPS, to the US Army Corps of Engineers regarding questions about Kennewick Man [Dec. 23, 1997] (1997)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon.

This letter, written by Francis P. McManamon, Departmental Consulting Archeologist, to Lt. Colonel Donald Curtis, Jr., United States Army Corps of Engineers-Walla Walla District, provides answers to a set of questions posed regarding aspects of the Kennewick Man case. Col. Curtis asked Dr. McManamon to address these questions because the DCA office was responsible for providing governmentwide expertise on implementation of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.


Memorandum: Determination that the Kennewick Skeltal Remains are "Native American" for the Purposes of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) (2000)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon.

This is a copy of the official Department of the Interior memorandum describing the determination that the Kennewick human skeletal remains should be considered "Native American" for the purposes of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). The rationale for this determination, described in the memorandum relied upon the results of radiocarbon dating which established that the remains were clearly pre-Columbian, about 8,000 years old. Additional evidence from the...


Native American Determination for Kennewick Man (2016)

DOCUMENT Scott A. Spellmon.

This is a copy of the official determination by the Division Commander of the Northwestern Division of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Brigadier General Scott A. Spellmon, that for the purposes of compliance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), the Kennewick Man skeletal remains should be considered "Native American." The 14-page report describes the information and research results that support this determination. The determination is based on review...


Potential for DNA Testing of the Human Remains from Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington [Feb. 3, 2000] (2000)

DOCUMENT Noreen Tuross. Connie J. Kolman.

At the request of the Department of Justice and Dr. Francis P. McManamon, Departmental Consulting Archaeologist of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior, the authors discuss the potential for DNA analysis of the human skeletal remains from Kennewick, Washington that are the objects of the lawsuit now pending (Bonnichsen et al., vs. United States of America, Civil No. 9601481-JE). The purpose of such an analysis would be to determine the genetic affinity of the above individual by...


Preliminary Geoarchaeological Studies at Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington, USA (1998)

DOCUMENT Gary Huckleberry. Thomas W. Stafford, Jr.. James C. Chatters.

In August 1996 a well preserved, disarticulated human skeleton was found submerged in Lake Wallula within an area about 7 m offshore at Columbia Park in Kennewick, Washington. The skeleton's anatomy (non-Mongoloid physical features) and great antiquity attest to its tremendous scientific importance to New World archaeology. On August 26, 1997 an ARPA permit application was submitted by Drs. Gary Huckleberry (Washington State University), Robson Bonnichsen (Oregon State University), C. Vance...


A Report on the Discovery and Recovery of Human Remains from Columbia Park Site, Kennewick, WA, July-September 1996 (1998)

DOCUMENT Paul R. Nickens.

This report sets forth a more detailed accounting of the events involved in the discovery and intermittent recovery of the human skeletal elements that are today variously referred to as "Kennewick Man," or the "Ancient One." A preliminary but generalized summary of these events was prepared as part of a historic context report completed by the author in February 1998. The following report provides more specific delineation of the events surrounding the initial discovery and recovery of human...


Report on the Non-Destructive Examination, Description, and Analysis of the Human Remains from Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington [October 1999] (1999)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon. Joseph F. Powell. Jerome C. Rose. Gary Huckleberry. Julie K. Stein. John L. Fagan.

Between 25 February and 1 March 1999, a team of physical anthropologists, archeologists, curators, and conservators conducted a detailed examination of human remains from Kennewick, Washington, that have been the subject of anthropological, cultural, and legal controversies since their recovery in 1996. The four chapters of this report are the descriptive and analytical reports of the expert team that examined the remains in February and March of 1999. They are presented here as part of the...


Report on the Skeletal Taphonomy, Dating, and DNA Testing Results of the Kennewick Human Remains from Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington [September 2000] (2000)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon. Jason Roberts. Brooke Blades. David Smith. R. E. Taylor. Frederica Kaestle. D. Andrew Merriwether. Graciela Cabana. Ripan Malhi. Jason Eshleman. Philip Walker. Clark Larsen. Joseph Powell.

The descriptive and analytical reports of the expert team that investigated the Kennewick remains in April, 2000, and the subsequent DNA analyses that were performed between May and September, 2000. NOTE: The Taphonomy report and Chapter 5 of the complete Report and the combined PDF ("whole document") contain small images of human bone from the Kennewick skeletal remains and may not considered inappropriate for viewing by some.


Reports on the Cultural Affiliation of the Kennewick Man (2000)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon. Jason Roberts. Brooke Blades. Kenneth Ames. Daniel L. Boxberger. Eugene S. Hunn. Steven Hackenberger.

This report details four studies by experts in anthropological, archeological, cultural, and historical topics relevant to the determination of whether the Kennewick man remains could be culturally affiliated under the terms of NAGPRA.


Research Design: Approach to Documentation, Analysis, Interpretation, and Disposition of Human Remains Inadvertently Discovered at Columnbia Park, Kennewick, WA (1998)

DOCUMENT Francis McManamon.

This document is the initial research design developed for the investigation of the ancient human skeleton dscovered in the shallow water of Lake Wallulla, Kennewick, Washington. The design described in this document was used to organize the historical and scientific research carried out by the Department of the Interior and Corps of Engineers to provide a factual basis for resolving the controversy and legal dispute related to the human remains. The research design was intended to carry out...


Review and Comment on the Draft Research Design (20 October 1998): Approach to Documentation, Analysis, Interpretation, and Disposition of Human Remains Inadvertently Discovered at Columbia Park, Kennewick, WA (1998)

DOCUMENT Bruce D. Smith.

This document is an independent review of the ten page DOI draft research design that details the structured approach to be followed in the analysis and interpretation of human remains recovered from the Columbia River near Kennewick, Washington. This review addresses three general topics: (1) an analysis of the general approach and procedures described in the document considering whether these are logical, scientifically sound, and likely to produce information needed to make reasonable...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America