Kinishba: A Classic Site of the Western Pueblos

Author(s): James B. Shaeffer

Year: 1956


This book is a general historic and cultural overview of the Kanishba ruins located on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation in Central Arizona. First mentioned in archaeological publications in 1892 by Adolph Bandelier, this large and prominent site eventually was investigated as part of an archaeological research program of the University of Arizona. In 1931, Dr. Byron Cummings, then Director of the Arizona State Museum and Head of the Department of Anthropology, established a camp near the site and began an investigation there during the summer months until 1939. These investigations resulted in substantial intepretations of the site and the late ancient period during which the site was occupied most intensively. In addition to excavating a large portion of the site, Cummings stabilized and restored parts of it. The site is a National Historic Landmark and can be visited with a ticket available at the Fort Apache Historical Museum, in nearby Fort Apache, AZ.

Cite this Record

Kinishba: A Classic Site of the Western Pueblos. James B. Shaeffer. Washington, DC: Education Branch, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior. 1956 ( tDAR id: 378999) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8SN08GJ



Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 800 to 1400 (Duration of Pueblo Complex)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -110.159; min lat: 33.779 ; max long: -109.883; max lat: 33.974 ;


Redaction Note: Page 7 of the original file included a photograph of a human burial. This image, is considered sensitive information by the White Mountain Apache tribe which owns and manages the site. In the redacted version of this document, this image has been blacked out.

General Note: Located approximately four miles west of Fort Apache , the Kinishba Ruins National Historic Landmark is a satellite resource of the Fort Apache Historic Park . Occupied by Zuni and Hopi ancestors until about 1400AD, the village was excavated and partly reconstructed in the 1930s by archaeologist Byron Cummings. In 1993 the site was placed on Congress’s “Priority 1” list of threatened National Historic Landmarks. Stabilization work supported by grants from the Arizona Heritage Fund (administered by Arizona State Parks) and the “Save America’s Treasures” program (administered by the National Park Service) has allowed the Tribe to preserve this important site. Visitors to Kinishba Ruins must check in at the museum at Fort Apache, where tickets to visit the site and an interpretive guide is available. Admission to the museum and historic park includes access to the ruins.

File Information

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kinishba_redacted_version.pdf 2.06mb Dec 19, 2012 12:40:25 PM Public