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Cultural Resources Survey of the Stratford Parcel 13 Tract

Author(s): Callie McLean ; Jennifer Salo ; Allison Wind ; Damon Jackson ; Erik Mischker

Year: 2009

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Summary

"During November and December 2008, Brockington and Associates, Inc., conducted an intensive cultural resources survey of the 342-acre Stratford Parcel 13 Tract in Jasper County, South Carolina. The investigations were conducted for SLF III-Hardeeville, LLC, to provide compliance with state and federal regulations concerning the management of historic properties (i.e., sites, buildings, structures, objects, and districts eligible for or listed on the National Register of Historic Places [NRHP]) affected through development activities in the Coastal Zone of South Carolina.

The cultural resources survey included a review of land ownership and use recorded in public documents, a review of previous investigations near the tract, and the excavation of shovel tests at 30-meter intervals across the project tract. There are no survey-eligible structures within or near the project tract; therefore, an architectural survey was not necessary.

Investigators identified eight sites (38JA1044–38JA1051) and eight isolated finds (Isolates 1–8) during the survey of Stratford Parcel 13. We recommend sites 38JA1044, 38JA1046, 38JA1048, 38JA1049, and 38JA1051 and Isolates 1–8 not eligible for the NRHP. No further management consideration of these five sites and the isolated finds is warranted. We recommend sites 38JA1045, 38JA1047, and 38JA1050 potentially eligible for the NRHP. If sites 38JA1045, 38JA1047, and 38JA1050 cannot be preserved in place, we recommend that evaluative testing be conducted to determine definitively the NRHP eligibility of each site."


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Cite this Record

Cultural Resources Survey of the Stratford Parcel 13 Tract. Callie McLean, Jennifer Salo, Allison Wind, Damon Jackson, Erik Mischker. Mt. Pleasant, SC: Brockington and Associates, Inc. 2009 ( tDAR id: 391265) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8GQ7021


URL: http://artsandsciences.sc.edu/sciaa/


Keywords

Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview Collections Research Consultation Environment Research Historic Background Research Records Search / Inventory Checking Site Evaluation / Testing Systematic Survey

General
Alkaline Glazed Stoneware Aqua Bottle Glass Fragments Aqua Window Glass Black Underglaze Transfer Print Whiteware Blue Drawn Glass Beads Blue Shell Edged Pearlware Sherds Blue Shell Edged Whiteware Sherds Blue Underglaze Hand Painted Delft Blue Underglaze Shell Edge Porcelain Blue Underglaze Transfer Printed Whiteware Sherds Blue Wire Wound Glass Beads Brass Buckle Brick Fragments Brown Glazed Buffware Brown Salt-glazed Stoneware Sherds Chert Debitage Chert Flake Fragment Chert Tertiary Core Reduction Flakes Chisolm's Estate Coastal Plain Chert Colonoware Sherds Colorless Glass Bottle Cut Nails Dark Olive Green Bottle Glass Deptford Check Stamped Sherds Deptford Simple Stamped Sherds Dot and Trail Slip Buffware Sherds Eroded Body Coarse Sand Temper Sherds Green Shell Edged Pearlware Iron Pot Fragments Iron Strap Jackfield Redware Kaolin Pipe Stems Lead Glazed Redware Light Olive Green Bottle Glass McPherson's Estate Milky Quartz Flake Fragment Olive Green Glass Bottle Fragments Plain Body Coarse Sand Temper Sherds Plain Body Grog Tempered Sherds Plastic Polychrome Annular Whiteware Polychrome Underglaze Pearlware Polychrome Underglaze Whiteware Red Over Glaze Hand Painted Porcelain Residual Sherds Salt Glazed Stoneware Square Nails Undecorated Creamware Sherds Undecorated Pearlware Sherds Undecorated Porcelain Sherds Undecorated Whiteware Unidentifiable Iron Fragments Unidentifiable Slip Buffware Westerwald stoneware Wrought Nails Yellow Glazed and Molded Whiteware

Geographic Keywords
Jasper (County)

Temporal Keywords
Post-Contact Period Pre-Contact Period


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1916 to 1957 (Land owned by the Argent Lumber Company)

Calendar Date: 1894 to 1916 (The project tract was a part of the Okeetee Club owned by John King Garnett)

Calendar Date: 1800 to 1894 (Southern portion owned by James McPherson)

Calendar Date: 1775 to 1800 (Southern portion owned by Daniel Heyward and passed on to his grandson Daniel Heyward (second date actually uknown))

Calendar Date: 1737 to 1775 (Southern portion of tract granted to Daniel Vernezobre)

Calendar Date: 1850 to 1866 (Northern tract owned by John M. Chisholm and family (Second date erroneous due to authors note that the family owned it until after the Civil War))

Calendar Date: 1736 to 1850 (Northern part of the tract granted to David Buche and kept as an estate)

Calendar Date: 1850 to 1865 (Deeds from Beaufort County, including the project tract, were burnt in two separate courthouse fires)

Calendar Date: 1899 to 1958 (Active years of The Old Garrett Cemetery)

Calendar Date: 1999 to 2004 (Land owned by the International Paper Company)

Calendar Date: 1966 to 1999 (Union Bag and Paper Company renamed to Union Camp Corporation and still owned the land)

Calendar Date: 1957 to 1966 (Land owned by the Union Bag and Paper Company)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -81.347; min lat: 31.841 ; max long: -80.8; max lat: 32.65 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Edward Blakely ; Mark McDonald ; Lamar Mercer ; Ken Hance ; Jonathan Leader

Contributor(s): Charles F. Phillips Jr. ; Laura Tedesco ; Brent Lansdell ; Kristina Lanphear ; Inna Moore ; David Dellenbach ; Brian Falls ; Scott Kitchens ; Jimmy LeFebre ; Will Murray ; Jamie Waters ; Damon Jackson ; Allison Wind ; Erik Mischker ; Jennifer Salo ; Callie McLean

Principal Investigator(s): Gwendolyn Moore

Sponsor(s): SLF III - Hardeville, LLC ; The South Carolina Department of Transportation

Prepared By(s): Brockington and Associates, Inc.


Notes

General Note: "The cultural resources survey resulted in the identification of eight archaeological sites (38JA1044–38JA1051) and eight isolated finds (Isolates 1–8). We recommend three sites (38JA1045, 38JA1047, and 38JA1050) potentially eligible and the remaining five sites (38JA1044, 38JA1046, 38JA1048, 38JA1049, and 38JA1051) and the eight isolated finds not eligible for the NRHP. Development of the project tract may affect the three potential historic properties (38JA1045, 38JA1047, and 38JA1050). These potentially eligible sites require preservation in place until Phase II evaluative testing can be conducted. Following testing, the sites will be determined eligible or not eligible for the NRHP. Sites determined not eligible require no further management. Sites that are eligible can be preserved in place through green spacing or complimentary uses or through Phase II data recovery investigations, at the owner’s discretion. After data recovery, sites generally require no further management. Should preservation of the potentially eligible sites (or eligible sites if any are determined such) be necessary under state or federal permits concerning the development of the tract, the owners should enter a Memorandum of Agreement with the appropriate regulatory agency(s) and the South Carolina State Historic Preservation Ooffice to ensure that these sites are managed in an appropriate fashion."


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
stratford-parcel-13-final.pdf 31.25mb Jul 10, 2013 2:30:52 PM Confidential
redacted-stratford-parcel-13-final.pdf 15.67mb Jul 11, 2013 1:19:52 PM Public

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Jonathan Leader

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America