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Settlement Patterns, Source-Sink Dynamics, and Artiodactyl Hunting in the Prehistoric U.S. Southwest

Part of the EMAP - Reports project

Author(s): Karen Schollmeyer ; Jonathan Driver

Year: 2012

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Numerous studies in the US Southwest suggest that prehistoric artiodactyl populations in areas of dense human settlement experienced population reductions which substantially reduced their availability to human hunters. Although most assemblages from villages in this region are dominated by lagomorphs, some settlements maintained greater access to artiodactyls. Factors influencing this variability include both local settlement history and settlement location relative to productive source areas for large game. In our study areas, source–sink dynamics likely contributed to the long-term resilience of hunted artiodactyl populations and allowed villagers continued access to animals moving in from source areas despite relatively rapid game depletion in heavily hunted areas immediately around villages.

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Cite this Record

Settlement Patterns, Source-Sink Dynamics, and Artiodactyl Hunting in the Prehistoric U.S. Southwest. Karen Schollmeyer, Jonathan Driver. Archaeological Method Theory. 20: 448-478. 2012 ( tDAR id: 391633) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8NP2599


Spatial Coverage

min long: -107.428; min lat: 32.927 ; max long: -107.356; max lat: 32.982 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Principal Investigator(s): Margaret C. Nelson ; Michelle Hegmon

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Settlement-Patterns--Source-Sink-Dynamics--and-Artiodactyle-Hu... 1.43mb Oct 23, 2013 1:13:46 AM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America