Intensive Archaeological Survey of the Sweetwater Junction Tract, Aiken County, South Carolina

Author(s): John S. Cable

Year: 2001


"Palmetto Research Institute, Inc. conducted an intensive archaeological survey of a 64.I6-acre tract in Aiken County, South Carolina. The client was Mr. Harry Miller of B&H Land Company of North Augusta, who wishes to develop the property. An 8.26-acre Carolina Bay situated within the tract triggered the necessity for a Corps of Engineers permit, which in turn required compliance under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966...Both 30-meter interval shovel testing and controlled surface collection data collection methods were used to identify and define cultural resources on the tract. Surface collection was used as an adjunct to shovel testing because ground visibility was high due to recent land-clearing episodes."

Cite this Record

Intensive Archaeological Survey of the Sweetwater Junction Tract, Aiken County, South Carolina. John S. Cable. Irmo, South Carolina: Palmetto Research Institute. 2001 ( tDAR id: 391664) ; doi:10.6067/XCV88053W1

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Spatial Coverage

min long: -82.053; min lat: 33.365 ; max long: -81.63; max lat: 33.665 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina; Jonathan Leader

Contributor(s): Harry Miller; Keith Derting; Sharon Pekrul; Valerie Marcil; Ken Pinson; Carl Steen

Principal Investigator(s): John S. Cable

Prepared By(s): Palmetto Research Institute

Submitted To(s): B&H Land Company

Record Identifiers

Palmetto Research Institute Publications in Archaeology(s): 20


General Note: "The intensive survey of the Sweetwater Junction tract resulted in the identification of one new archaeological site, 38AK833, the further definition of a previously recorded site, 38AK81, and one isolated find. 38AK833 was recommended as not eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places. The historic component of this site is affiliated with an Irish Traveller enclave that began to occupy a trailer park on the site in the 1950s. Normally, sites of this age do not qualify as a cultural resource, but the special anthropological opportunity to gather information concerning the history ofthe Irish Travellers and also the general study of ethnicity overrode this requirement. The information of value was recovered during the intensive survey, obviating the need to do additional work on this component. Prehistoric remains on the site were concentrated in a 30 x 120-meter area on the southern rim of the bay. Components or sites of this nature have been the focus of research in the Aiken area for a decade. However, in this case the paleoenvironmental record of the bay has been seriously impacted by historic earth moving activities and sewage drainage. Without a good opportunity to link these data with the low-density prehistoric residues on the rim, the research potential of this component was considered to be very low."

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Palmetto-Research-Institute-2001.pdf 2.38mb Nov 25, 2013 9:17:53 AM Confidential
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Contact(s): Jonathan Leader