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Cultural Transmission and Diversity Among Hunter-Gatherers of the Subarctic and Subantarctic

Author(s): Robert Bettinger ; Raven Garvey

Year: 2015

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Summary

The behavioral ecological approach Kelly champions in the Foraging Spectrum has clearly enhanced our understanding of hunter-gatherer diversity. Still, despite important developments in modeling and comparative analysis in the twenty years since first publication, occasional stark contrasts between groups living in similar environments suggest that ecological factors and adaptive behaviors cannot alone account for the impressive record of ethnographic and archaeological diversity. We consider one such case—contemporaneous hunter-gatherers of the Subarctic and Subantarctic—from the perspective of cultural transmission theory to restate the special role of culture in explaining hunter-gatherer diversity.

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Cultural Transmission and Diversity Among Hunter-Gatherers of the Subarctic and Subantarctic. Raven Garvey, Robert Bettinger. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394818)


Keywords


Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America