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Urban Planning, Neighborhoods, and the Organization of Residential Space at the Early Horizon Center of Caylán, Coastal Ancash, Peru

Author(s): David Chicoine ; Ashley Whitten

Year: 2015

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Summary

This paper examines and compares the spatial organization of residential compounds in order to reconstruct patterns of neighborhood and urban life at the Early Horizon of Caylán (800-1 BC), Nepeña Valley, north-central coast of Peru. Systematic surface mapping combined with limited horizontal excavations indicate that the urban core of the ancient city was composed of more than 40 residential complexes articulated through a series of streets and corridors. Detailed first-hand mapping of streets and accessways indicate that each compound had an independent entrance linked to one of the dozen or more cross-cutting streets at the site. In this paper, we analyze the location, spatial organization, and architecture of the different residential compounds in order to evaluate intra-site variability and potential social differences between Caylán co-resident neighborhoods. Results from test units and block excavations from various compounds help in assessing the contemporaneity of the different sectors of the site and possible changes through time. Gamma analyses of the depth and complexity of residential complexes across the co-resident neighborhoods shed light on the heterogeneity of Early Horizon cityscapes in the Central Andes.

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Urban Planning, Neighborhoods, and the Organization of Residential Space at the Early Horizon Center of Caylán, Coastal Ancash, Peru. Ashley Whitten, David Chicoine. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394828)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
South America


Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America