Elements of Cahokian Neighborhoods
American Indian neighborhoods were very much under construction during the late-eleventh century at Cahokia. A social order that transcends pre-Mississippian village life may now be defined based on large-scale excavations at East St. Louis and Cahokia proper. Architectural patterns and craft production debris within the greater central complex indicate possible religious if not political or ethnic divisions that did not form organically. The central problems of a Mississippian analysis, however, are distinguishing (1) neighborhoods from other kinds of occupational zones and (2) human neighbors from other-than-human residents. We use new measures of architectural diversity, density, and positioning to identify the elements of Cahokian neighborhoods and how they were created, maintained, and reconfigured. Ultimately, we will demonstrate how these varying neighborhoods were implicated in processes of urbanization, community formation, and the development of social divisions within the central complex and beyond.
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Elements of Cahokian Neighborhoods. Alleen Betzenhauser, Timothy Pauketat. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394829)
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min long: -104.634; min lat: 36.739 ; max long: -80.64; max lat: 49.153 ;