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Patch choice model predictions for jackrabbit processing at Antelope Cave, Arizona

Author(s): Jacob Fisher

Year: 2015

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Summary

Zooarchaeological research conducted under the conceptual realm of behavioral ecology has generally focused on the decision-making processes made during and immediately after hunting activities, at the cost of studies that explicitly attempt to predict culinary processing according to ecological or social conditions. It is critical that archaeologists develop tools for predicting and identifying culinary processing methods if our goal is to fully understand prehistoric foraging decisions. Since an individual animal is a clumped resource, a patch-choice model may be used to determine the amount of time a processor should spend on extracting nutritional benefits through cooking. The predictions from the patch choice model are tested using the faunal assemblage from Antelope Cave, northwestern Arizona. The assemblage is strongly dominated by jackrabbits with a high level of preservation that allowed for the building of inferences regarding acquisition, butchering, cooking, and consumption activities. As predicted by the patch choice model, the occupants of the site were maximizing the extraction of nutritional benefits from jackrabbits during a period of relatively poor environmental conditions.

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Patch choice model predictions for jackrabbit processing at Antelope Cave, Arizona. Jacob Fisher. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394883)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
North America - Southwest


Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America