Ending the Antiquity Debates: The "Short History" Model of the Ifugao Rice Terraces, Philippines

Author(s): Stephen Acabado; Mikhail Echavarri

Year: 2015


Local wisdom and nationalist sentiments would have us uphold the long-held belief in the age of the Ifugao Rice Terraces, espoused by pioneer anthropologists of the Philippines, Roy F. Barton and Henry Otley Beyer. Recent findings by the Ifugao Archaeological Project (IAP), however, have provided new information which have driven us to rethink this proposed date, primarily because of the dearth of archaeological data to support the "long-history" model. Evidence is now pointing to a relatively more recent history of Cordillera rice terracing traditions – a "short-history" model grounded on ethnographic, ethnohistoric, archaeological, and paleoenvironmental datasets. Our paper presents findings of the 2012, 2013, and 2014 field seasons of the IAP and their significance in finally resolving the antiquity of the Ifugao rice terraces.

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Cite this Record

Ending the Antiquity Debates: The "Short History" Model of the Ifugao Rice Terraces, Philippines. Mikhail Echavarri, Stephen Acabado. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394897)


Philippine Terrace

Geographic Keywords
East/Southeast Asia

Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;