Global Connections: Beads and the Interaction Network of the Ifugao, Cordillera, Philippines

Author(s): Madeleine Yakal; Jacy Moore

Year: 2015


Grave goods have been especially useful in the archaeological examination and determination of political economy and levels of inter-group interaction. Among the Ifugao of the northern highland Philippines, ethnohistoric and ethnographic datasets indicate that the group can be considered a ranked society. Dominant Philippine historical narratives also suggest that the Ifugao were in isolation during Spanish colonization. Our excavations at the Old Kiyyangan Village provide material support for the presence of unequal access to resources (particularly, imported beads). The presences of these exotic materials, however, refute the idea of isolation. Our paper presents a preliminary examination of glass, clay, and stone beads found in the 2012 and 2013 field seasons of the Ifugao Archaeological Project. Our presentation deliberates on possible exchange networks connected to the village. Additionally, we explain the application of beads in neonatal burial practices and its cultural importance among the Ifugao.

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Cite this Record

Global Connections: Beads and the Interaction Network of the Ifugao, Cordillera, Philippines. Madeleine Yakal, Jacy Moore. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394906)


Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;