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Bison Killsites and Carnivore Utilization: A Discussion of Prehistoric Human Impacts to Scavenging Carnivores and the Implications for Conservation Management

Author(s): Chrissina Burke

Year: 2015

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Summary

Zooarchaeologists have commonly employed analyses concerning only site formation processes when studying carnivore modification and utilization to North American faunal assemblages. Yet, such processes are rarely discussed beyond descriptions of the presence of tooth marks or overall percentages of elements with modifications. Additionally, limited discussion has occurred with regards to the implications of these data on how humans and carnivores interacted in the past. In this paper, I address this deficit with the results of a study in which I analyzed eight bison bonebeds from Wyoming and Colorado for degree of carnivore utilization and identification of the carnivores responsible for utilization. These data are discussed in the context of human-carnivore relationships to explore how understanding the degree of carnivore utilization in zooarchaeological assemblages can assist with creating a holistic perspective on the connections between humans and the environment for future applications to conservation management.

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Bison Killsites and Carnivore Utilization: A Discussion of Prehistoric Human Impacts to Scavenging Carnivores and the Implications for Conservation Management. Chrissina Burke. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394951)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.95; min lat: 30.751 ; max long: -97.163; max lat: 48.865 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America