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Micro-Regional Approaches to Underwater Landscapes and Submerged Archaeological Sites

Author(s): Ashley Lemke ; John OShea ; Elizabeth Sonnenburg

Year: 2015

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Summary

Some of the most pivotal questions in human prehistory hinge on archaeological sites that are now under water. While the discovery of such sites presents technological challenges, they offer unique potentials for investigating time periods, cultures, and adaptations that are only poorly known on land. Unfortunately, underwater research rarely produces the systematic coverage of space and material culture that is needed to conduct anthropologically relevant research.

The investigation of micro-regions as a means to elucidate economic and social relations in the past has been widely adopted in terrestrial archaeology, and yet is arguably even better suited to submerged settings. By defining specific and comparable localities as the target for intensive research, a micro-regional approach can provide the framework for generating the needed systematic coverage of space and material, while still operating within the physical and financial constraints of underwater research. In this paper, the application of a micro-regional approach is illustrated as applied to the study of the Late Paleoindian occupation of the Alpena-Amberley Ridge beneath modern Lake Huron.

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Micro-Regional Approaches to Underwater Landscapes and Submerged Archaeological Sites. John OShea, Ashley Lemke, Elizabeth Sonnenburg. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394982)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -104.634; min lat: 36.739 ; max long: -80.64; max lat: 49.153 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America