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Methods for Examining and Creating a Typology of Bedrock Features in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands

Author(s): Amanda Castaneda

Year: 2015

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Summary

Bedrock features are a common archaeological occurrence in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of southwest Texas. These occur in a wide range of forms, from polished "slicks", cupules, and small grinding facets to large, deep, well-developed mortar holes. Even though relatively common, bedrock features, and ground stone in general, have received very little directed research in the region. This paper discusses ongoing research which uses a multi-faceted approach to examine bedrock feature attributes at several sites across the region. Structure from Motion photogrammetry was employed to document and create accurate feature maps. On-site morphological attributes and macroscopic wear patterns targeting manufacture and use were recorded for each individual work station. These data create a large dataset that allows for statistical analyses to help identify the range of variation of Lower Pecos bedrock features. Results from on-site observations will be compared with residue samples from various features to determine if these varied lines of evidence provide complementary data. This project provides a baseline dataset for future studies, creates a preliminary bedrock feature typology, establishes viable methodological protocols, and contributes to our overall understanding of the roles that bedrock features played in Lower Pecos lifeways.

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Methods for Examining and Creating a Typology of Bedrock Features in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands. Amanda Castaneda. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395197)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America