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Prehistoric Population Mobility in the Caribbean: Genetic and Isotopic Investigations at Grand Bay, Carriacou, West Indies

Author(s): Scott Fitzpatrick ; Dennis O'Rourke ; Jessica Stone ; John Krigbaum ; Justin Tackney

Year: 2015

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Summary

Archaeological research at Grand Bay, a large Late Ceramic Age (ca. AD 400-1300) Amerindian village site on Carriacou in the southern Caribbean, has revealed vast amounts of evidence that sheds light on Pre-Columbian adaptations to small island environments. More than a decade of research here and at other locations on Carriacou have revealed dozens of human burials, including many found in mortuary contexts rarely seen in this part of the Lesser Antilles. Ongoing research on past lifeways of prehistoric settlers has moved from osteological and paleodietary analysis to attempts at extracting ancient DNA and heavy isotope ratios of Pb and Sr to examine genetic affinities and mobility between islands and adjacent mainland areas. While the data are preliminary, interdisciplinary research on Carriacou is providing additional data on the inter-island movement of people, artifacts, animals, and other cultural behaviors.

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Prehistoric Population Mobility in the Caribbean: Genetic and Isotopic Investigations at Grand Bay, Carriacou, West Indies. Jessica Stone, Dennis O'Rourke, Justin Tackney, John Krigbaum, Scott Fitzpatrick. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395243)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
Caribbean


Spatial Coverage

min long: -90.747; min lat: 3.25 ; max long: -48.999; max lat: 27.683 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America