An Examination of Gallina Utility Ware: Vessel Morphology and Function

Author(s): Jacqueline Kocer

Year: 2015


The morphology of a ceramic vessel is directly related to intended use, and potters consider function during manufacture. Functional types such as cooking vessels, ollas, water jars, seed jars, bowls, and pitchers, are common in our ceramic lexicon. However, the relationship between morphology and function is not always intuitive, especially when considering secondary function and special use. The Gallina (A.D. 1050-1300) produced a wide variety of utility wares, but archaeologists have conducted almost no research on the ceramic style, use-wear and function of these non-decorative vessels. How many different shapes of utility ware were utilized in Gallina country? How did the Gallina use these different morphological types? Do interpretations based on shape indicate something different than use-wear and residues? I examine whole vessels from the Gallina culture area and categorize them into morphological classes. I also compare sooting on these different morphological classes to evaluate actual use. I test whether or not vessels in the identified morphological classes were positioned over the fire in the same manner as evidenced by sooting patterns. Finally, a qualitative discussion of individual vessels allows for further interpretations about vessel use.

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Cite this Record

An Examination of Gallina Utility Ware: Vessel Morphology and Function. Jacqueline Kocer. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395291)


Geographic Keywords
North America - Southwest

Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;