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Out of Ice: A Review of Greater Yellowstone Area Ice Patch Hunting Technology

Author(s): Kathryn Puseman ; Craig Lee

Year: 2015

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While the unique plant and animal communities of the alpine are of clear ethnohistorical and modern significance to the indigenous communities of the Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA), no histories regarding the use of ice patches have been identified. Information sharing with tribal groups and the public regarding the nature of ice patches, including the technical analysis of recovered materials, fosters understanding of and appreciation for these endangered features. This paper focuses on the technical analysis of wooden shafts recovered at five ice patch sites in the GYA relative to other organic hunting implements from the region. Foreshafts and darts are primarily made of birch (Betula sp.), but willow (Salix sp.) and spruce (Picea sp.) were also used. One presumed arrow shaft is made of pine (Pinus sp.). Structural and physical characteristics of birch, spruce, and pine wood make them excellent choices for this type of use.

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Out of Ice: A Review of Greater Yellowstone Area Ice Patch Hunting Technology. Kathryn Puseman, Craig Lee. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395328)


Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America