The whale beneath the Barnacle: Rare Taxa in the analysis of Marine Invertebrates from the Tse-Whitzen Village Site
In faunal analysis, rare taxa can potentially provide valuable biogeographic or socioeconomic information, but are inherently difficult to interpret and to integrate with quantitative measures. Working with extremely large assemblages highlights these issues. Among the half million specimens of shell identified from the Tse-Whitzen village site are more than 20 taxa represented by less than 30 specimens. There is no single explanation for the presence of taxa in very low numbers, and the interpretive significance of their presence varies as well. In this assemblage, some taxa are present only as modified artifacts, i.e., ornaments (jingle shell, abalone, scallop), and others are non-food taxa which are likely to have been brought in by non-cultural processes (small chitons, gastropods). On the other hand, two taxa that have potentially large economic significance may be rare because of preservation and processing factors (Coronula diadema, an obligate whale barnacle, and geoduck). To what extent can these taxa be brought into discussions of past behavior otherwise dominated by measures of relative abundance?
SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
- Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015) •
- Preliminary Results from the Tse-whit-zen Project: Zooarchaeology and Geoarchaeology of a 2000 yr old Lower Elwha Klallam Village on the Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington State
Cite this Record
The whale beneath the Barnacle: Rare Taxa in the analysis of Marine Invertebrates from the Tse-Whitzen Village Site. Sarah Campbell, William Damitio, Ryan Desrosiers. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395345)
North America - NW Coast/Alaska
min long: -169.717; min lat: 42.553 ; max long: -122.607; max lat: 71.301 ;