The Origins and Distribution of Oceanic Agricultural Techniques Revealed through Comparative Phylogenetic Analysis
Agricultural innovation fuelled the development of Oceanic societies. Techniques such as pond-fields and lithic mulching increased yields and made marginal landscapes habitable. Unfortunately, our knowledge of the evolution of techniques, including ancestral states, homologies, and independent inventions has been largely speculative. Here I present a phylogenetic analysis of ethnohistorically and archaeologically documented agricultural techniques across Oceanic societies. The analysis combines linguistic trees as models of population history with agricultural technique data to explain the evolution of techniques across Oceania. Results have implications for explaining prehistoric interaction, variation in social complexity, and the concept of Polynesia as a monophyletic cultural unit.
SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
- Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015) •
- Evolutionary theory and archaeology, Part I: Cultural transmission, cultural evolution, and evolutionary archaeology
Cite this Record
The Origins and Distribution of Oceanic Agricultural Techniques Revealed through Comparative Phylogenetic Analysis. Timothy Rieth, Ethan Cochrane. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395367)
min long: 111.973; min lat: -52.052 ; max long: -87.715; max lat: 53.331 ;