Calibrating pXRF instruments for chert provenance: A how-to from the Anatolian Plateau

Author(s): Adam Nazaroff

Year: 2015


In the past decade, a tremendous increase in the use of portable x-ray fluorescence (pXRF) instruments in archaeological provenance research has warranted several critical reflections on the analytical protocols which underpin their application in various material and regional contexts. This paper approaches the use of pXRF analysis for determining chert provenance with particular emphasis placed on tailoring empirical calibrations to best suit the dynamic properties of chert materials. In so doing, it highlights the need to set in place specific procedures relevant to each context of study in order to develop a productive and successful study of chert provenance. Using as a case-study chert consumption at the Neolithic community of Çatalhöyük, Turkey, this paper reveals how pXRF instruments, when properly calibrated to specific geologic contexts, are capable of distinguishing between multiple geochemical sources of chert, and can be used to produce probable provenance determinations for chert artifacts.

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Cite this Record

Calibrating pXRF instruments for chert provenance: A how-to from the Anatolian Plateau. Adam Nazaroff. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395610)


Geographic Keywords
West Asia

Spatial Coverage

min long: 25.225; min lat: 15.115 ; max long: 66.709; max lat: 45.583 ;