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From wild rice harvesting to domestic rice agriculture in South Asia.

Author(s): Eleanor Kingwell-Banham

Year: 2015

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Summary

It is still unclear if India saw an independent domestication of rice, and so the origins of Oryza sativa indica, as distinct from the Chinese rice O. s. japonica, are shrouded in mystery. However, there is very early evidence dating to c.9000 BP of wild rice exploitation, and perhaps of crop management, from Northern India. Once rice becomes widely reported within the archaeobotanic record, there is long term evidence for low impact agrarian practices across the subcontinent, including shifting cultivation, lasting up to 5000 years until domestic rice agriculture became widely adopted. This presentation will sum up archaeological and genetic evidence for rice domestication in India and outline the pathway to domestic rice agriculture that the current data supports, a pathway which is almost uniquely protracted and muddled.

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From wild rice harvesting to domestic rice agriculture in South Asia.. Eleanor Kingwell-Banham. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395658)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
South Asia


Spatial Coverage

min long: 59.678; min lat: 4.916 ; max long: 92.197; max lat: 37.3 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America