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Plant use practices of an ancient St’át’imc household, Bridge River, British Columbia

Author(s): Anna Marie Prentiss ; Natasha Lyons ; Dana Lepofsky ; Naoko Endo ; Kristen Barnett

Year: 2015

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Summary

This poster focuses on the interpretation of archaeobotanical macroremains from Housepit 54 occupations at the Bridge River site, on the British Columbia Plateau, dating 1100-1500 cal. B.P. Recent excavations have revealed living floors spanning a critical period when this village reached peak size and then began to decline during a period of climate transition. Previous research at Bridge River suggests that access to salmon and deer may have declined after ca. 1200-1300 cal. B.P., triggering heightened socioeconomic competition between households. Very little is known, by corollary, regarding the role of plant foods in the site economy during this time. This poster draws on palaeoethnobotanical studies which investigate what the plant remains can tell us about harvesting, subsistence, consumption and cooking practices by Housepit 54’s residents. The analysis allows us to determine which plant resources were being utilized in which seasons and at what distance from the site, as well as diet breadth, technological activities, and spatial use of the pithouse. The plant data also allow us to consider the relative involvement of Housepit 54 residents in local and regional networks of trade and interaction, and patterns of continuity and change amongst ancient St’át’imc communities.

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Plant use practices of an ancient St’át’imc household, Bridge River, British Columbia. Natasha Lyons, Anna Marie Prentiss, Naoko Endo, Dana Lepofsky, Kristen Barnett. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395787)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -142.471; min lat: 42.033 ; max long: -47.725; max lat: 74.402 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America