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The introduction and early utilization of barley and wheat in Gansu and Qinghai provinces, northwest China

Author(s): Xiaoyan Ren ; Hui Wang ; Fahu Chen ; Ying Yang ; Dong Guanghui

Year: 2015

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Barley and wheat are now important cultivated crops in northwest China, especially on the Tibetan Plateau, which are suggested to have been firstly domesticated in West Asia before 10000 cal yr BP. When these two crops were firstly introduced to China that locates in the other part of the Eurasia has been widely concerned and intensively discussed in recent years. Gansu and Qinghai Provinces is a key region of the "Ancient Silk Road", where might have included important passages in "Food Globalisation in Prehistory". Based on archaeobotanic study and direct radiocarbon dating of charred barley and wheat seeds, along with stable isotopic evidence from Bronze sites in Gansu-Qinghai Region, we discuss the introduction and early utilization of these crops in the area. Our results suggest barley and wheat were introduced into the area around 4000 cal yr BP, which became important cultivated crops and staple food a few centuries later.

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The introduction and early utilization of barley and wheat in Gansu and Qinghai provinces, northwest China. Dong Guanghui, Ying Yang, Hui Wang, Xiaoyan Ren, Fahu Chen. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395868)


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min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America