Mortuary variability and chronology of the cliff tombs of La Petaca
The Chachapoya of the eastern Peruvian highlands utilized various methods for disposing of their dead, but almost all involve highly visible spaces. While some regional variation is found among what are typically considered Chachapoya mortuary spaces, there is evidence for social cohesion within each site. While few mortuary complexes of the Chachapoya have been excavated, La Petaca provides the opportunity to scientifically study intrasite variation. On only half of the mortuary complex’s massive vertical wall be documented 112 constructions including tombs, platforms and walkways, as well as several caves, niches and rock shelters, all of which contained mortuary remains. By using techniques of vertical archaeology, we collected cultural, skeletal and organic samples for analysis and radiocarbon dating. Unfortunately, many of the contexts had been damaged by looting and natural taphonomic processes. There was some variability in construction methods, materials, architectural design, and location across the site, yet generally common features suggest 1) mortuary style was adapted to the precarious location, 2) there was little change over time, 3)few builders were involved, or 4) they reflect a single cultural tradition. Overall, these new, firsthand data yield valuable information on the importance of mortuary spaces and the regional complexity of the Chachapoya.
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Mortuary variability and chronology of the cliff tombs of La Petaca. Armando Anzellini, J. Marla Toyne. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395963)
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min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;