Background to Drastic Increase in Yayoi Period Sites in Japan
Author(s): Atsushi UEMINE
This paper intends to explain how a small number of small-scale Jomon societies in western Japan evolved to large-scale agricultural societies that characterized the Yayoi Period. Traditionally, Japanese archaeologists have approached this issue from the standpoint of settlement archaeology. This paper contributes to understanding this phenomenon based on lithics and their contexts of discoveries. By analyzing the assemblages of chipped stone tools and debitage, it becomes possible to approach the procurement of raw material rocks, their transportation, their use at settlements, and ultimately relationships among human groups. The results of author’s analyses of data in the central Osaka Prefecture suggest that ties among settlements became clear in the late phase of the Final Jomon Period (ca. tenth to sixth centuries B.C.), and these ties were maintained in the Early Yayoi Period (ca. fourth to third centuries B.C.). In the Middle Yayoi Period (second and first centuries B.C.), ties formed among settlements close to one another. It is possible to interpret that a cluster of several units of settlements tied one another seemed to be a large-scale agricultural society. In other words, the large-scale Yayoi settlements were a "descendant" of evolving Jomon society.
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Background to Drastic Increase in Yayoi Period Sites in Japan. Atsushi UEMINE. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396012)
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min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;