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Canal System 2’s Architecture, Chronology and Irrigation during the Pioneer Period

Author(s): Mark Hackbarth

Year: 2015

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Summary

Recent excavations at Pueblo Patricio and La Ciudad have uncovered Pioneer Period components that provide new insight about early Hohokam chronology, settlement, and irrigation in Phoenix. Red Mountain phase occupation at Pueblo Patricio began before the fifth century A.D. with seasonal use of small structures exhibiting highly variable architectural forms and small groupings of structures. A dramatic change in Pueblo Patricio settlement patterns occurred by the middle of the mid-sixth century A.D when large P-3 and P-4 structures were constructed, whereas late seventh century A.D. structures at La Ciudad are forerunners of pit houses that have a typical Hohokam forms and groupings of houses. This paper reviews these architectural changes in terms of implications for irrigation, land use, and settlement organization within Canal System 2 before the late eighth century A.D.

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Canal System 2’s Architecture, Chronology and Irrigation during the Pioneer Period. Mark Hackbarth. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396095)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America