Canal System 2’s Architecture, Chronology and Irrigation during the Pioneer Period
Author(s): Mark Hackbarth
Recent excavations at Pueblo Patricio and La Ciudad have uncovered Pioneer Period components that provide new insight about early Hohokam chronology, settlement, and irrigation in Phoenix. Red Mountain phase occupation at Pueblo Patricio began before the fifth century A.D. with seasonal use of small structures exhibiting highly variable architectural forms and small groupings of structures. A dramatic change in Pueblo Patricio settlement patterns occurred by the middle of the mid-sixth century A.D when large P-3 and P-4 structures were constructed, whereas late seventh century A.D. structures at La Ciudad are forerunners of pit houses that have a typical Hohokam forms and groupings of houses. This paper reviews these architectural changes in terms of implications for irrigation, land use, and settlement organization within Canal System 2 before the late eighth century A.D.
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This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
- Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015) •
- Society and Economy in the Hohokam World: New Evidence and Insights from Canal System 2, Phoenix, Arizona
Cite this Record
Canal System 2’s Architecture, Chronology and Irrigation during the Pioneer Period. Mark Hackbarth. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396095)
North America - Southwest
min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;