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Emergence of Walled Towns in the Neolithic Jianghan Plain: Warfare or Flooding Control?

Author(s): Dongdong Li ; Wenjing Wang

Year: 2015

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Summary

The late Neolithic in the Jianghan plain is characterized by the emergence of a new kind of settlement pattern. In this period, highly nucleated large local communities were walled as regional centers. In the past decades, the emergence of walled sites has caused hot debates on its social dynamics, particularly on function and causal factors. Most explanations for the emergence of walled sites fall into warfare model and flooding control model. To evaluate those models, we investigate into both archaeological data and historical records. Our holistic analysis on archaeological data and historical records indicates that the warfare model is more reasonable in understanding the emergence of local walled sites and the trajectory of local social complexity in the Neolithic period.

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Emergence of Walled Towns in the Neolithic Jianghan Plain: Warfare or Flooding Control?. Dongdong Li, Wenjing Wang. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396201)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America