Lagomorph exploitation and garden hunting in the northern San Juan region
The northern San Juan (NSJ) region of the United States contains a high density of archaeological sites. Ancestral Puebloan people lived in small hamlets (ca. AD 1000) prior to aggregating into large pueblo villages (ca. AD 1150). Periods of drought occurred prior to the abandonment of this sub-region (ca. AD 1300), influencing the availability of animal resources. Zooarchaeological studies of subsistence in the NSJ region have focused on a decline in availability of large game concurrent with increasing reliance on small wild and domesticated resources. This can be attributed to a combination of factors including resource depression and habitat change as human populations grew prior to the depopulation of the region. Faunal assemblages from later occupation periods are dominated by lagomorphs, specifically cottontails. Shifts in lagomorph abundance are thought to indicate habitat alteration; however it is possible that relatively K-selected jackrabbits (Lepus sp.) were overexploited leading to an increased reliance upon more r-selected cottontails (Sylvilagus sp.) through garden hunting practices. Zooarchaeological studies of resource depression use the test implication that under substantial harvest pressure, mortality profiles exhibit steepened survivorship (increased representation of juvenile animals). This possibility is explored through analysis of zooarchaeological mortality data from sites in the NSJ region.
SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
- Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015) •
- Communities through Time: Societal Continuity and Transformation in the Northern San Juan Region
Cite this Record
Lagomorph exploitation and garden hunting in the northern San Juan region. Steve Wolverton, Laura Ellyson. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396226)
North America - Southwest
min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;