tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Glass Beads from Igbo Olokun, Ile-Ife: Chemical composition, production, and regional interaction

Author(s): Laure Dussubieux ; Abidemi Babalola ; Susan McIntosh

Year: 2015

» Downloads & Basic Metadata


The site of Igbo Olokun in the city of Ife, in southwestern Nigeria has been identified as a primary glass and glass beads production center dating to the "Classic" period (12th-15th c.), but glass from well-recorded contexts has been rare. Excavations in 2011-2012 produced over twelve thousand drawn glass beads. LA-ICP-MS analysis of 49 glass bead samples revealed two main compositional groups: High Lime, High Alumina (HLHA); and Low Lime, High Alumina (LLHA). While the occurrence of HLHA corresponds with other compositional analysis previously carried out on Ile-Ife glasses, the LLHA represents a new group that had not earlier been reported for Ile-Ife glass beads. This paper contributes to the argument for local manufacture of bead in Ile-Ife. It also examines the regional and trans-regional spread of Ile-Ife glass beads from the 12th through 17th century A.D.

SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit for instructions and more information.

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Cite this Record

Glass Beads from Igbo Olokun, Ile-Ife: Chemical composition, production, and regional interaction. Abidemi Babalola, Laure Dussubieux, Susan McIntosh. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396449)


Geographic Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -18.809; min lat: -38.823 ; max long: 53.262; max lat: 38.823 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America