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A Snook Kill Phase Site in Marshfield, Massachusetts

Author(s): Brianna Rae ; Brian Jones

Year: 2015

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Summary

Archaeological and Historical Services Inc. recently excavated a rich Snook Kill phase site in Marshfield, Massachusetts. Dated features and diagnostic tools from the site indicate a radiocarbon age of 3500 years ago. Artifacts were recovered beneath a horizon of peat that had formed over the past 1500 years in this near-coastal setting. The strikingly pristine site documents a complete lithic artifact production, use and discard sequence, from the reduction of rhyolite cobbles into carefully prepared cores, and large flake blanks into tools. Bifacial implements include numerous Snook Kill points, asymmetrical knives, and over a dozen awls. Refitting between debitage and tool fragments indicates two contemporaneous areas of activity. The organization of the site and spent tool kit suggest that a focused episode of construction occurred here, possibly related to bark canoe manufacture.

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A Snook Kill Phase Site in Marshfield, Massachusetts. Brian Jones, Brianna Rae. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396486)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.815; min lat: 39.3 ; max long: -66.753; max lat: 47.398 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America