tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

A Freeway Through the Past: The Replacement of Doyle Drive through the Presidio of San Francisco National Historic Landmark

Author(s): Michelle Cross

Year: 2015

» Downloads & Basic Metadata


The historic south access road to the iconic Golden Gate Bridge, was known as Doyle Drive. It was identified as structurally and seismically deficient in the early 2000's and construction on its replacement began in 2009 by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans). The Doyle Drive Project was unique in that it spanned the Presidio of San Francisco, a National Historical Landmark District, and that it involved several agency landholdings and stakeholders including the Presidio Trust, National Park Service, San Francisco County Transportation Authority, Federal Highway Administration, and Caltrans. This presentation will address the archaeological and mitigative approaches undertaken for this multi-year project, unexpected archaeological finds, and review the unique history that the "freeway" crossed through. The presentation will present the results of archaeological and historical research associated with the Doyle Drive Project through 2012 and how these finds shed light on the history and development of the Presidio of San Francisco, as well as the growth and development of the City of San Francisco at large.

SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit for instructions and more information.

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Cite this Record

A Freeway Through the Past: The Replacement of Doyle Drive through the Presidio of San Francisco National Historic Landmark. Michelle Cross. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396846)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -125.464; min lat: 32.101 ; max long: -114.214; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America