Life on Grove Street: Victorian Households in Hayes Valley, San Francisco

Author(s): Elena Reese; Hannah Ballard

Year: 2015


During the mid to late 19th Century, Hayes Valley was a San Francisco neighborhood transitioning from working to middle class. Residents included European immigrants and transplants from other parts of the US. Many families rented the single and multifamily residences that lined the streets. In 2013, Pacific Legacy, Inc. conducted testing and archaeological monitoring excavations for the construction of a multistory building on Grove Street in the Hayes Valley. These investigations unearthed two privies associated with 19th century residences. The privies, which date from the 1860s-1890s, contained a diverse array of artifacts including those associated with Catholic religious practice, women, and children. The privy contents as well as the documentary record demonstrate the transitional nature of this San Francisco neighborhood, the efforts of families to conform to the middle class Victorian norms, and their various economic strategies.

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Cite this Record

Life on Grove Street: Victorian Households in Hayes Valley, San Francisco. Hannah Ballard, Elena Reese. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396849)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -125.464; min lat: 32.101 ; max long: -114.214; max lat: 42.033 ;