Macroevolutionary Achaeology in 2015: Testing Historical and Evolutionary Hypotheses, for example, about Arctic Migration Pulses
Macroevolutionary archaeology seeks to examine cultural evolutionary processes at multiple hierarchical scales spanning artifact technology to economic, social, and political strategies. This approach offers the opportunity for scholars to test general hypotheses about tempo and mode of evolutionary change and it also lends itself to the development of formal tests of general hypotheses about human history in the longue durée. In this paper we present a review of current research in macroevolutionary archaeology and follow with a case study testing the independent (Paleoeskimo and Neoeskimo) arctic pulses hypothesis using archaeological data. It provides an opportunity to discuss the challenges and prospects of this research strategy. It also permits us to engage in a rigorous examination of a major hypothesis regarding human cultural and biological history, so far only rigorously tested using genetic data. Our approach incorporates a variety of phylogenetic and network models to assess potential cultural factors associated with arctic migrations during the past 5500 years. We seek to offer implications for understanding arctic migrations as case studies in cultural macroevolutionary process.
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Macroevolutionary Achaeology in 2015: Testing Historical and Evolutionary Hypotheses, for example, about Arctic Migration Pulses. Lindsay Scott, Anna Marie Prentiss, Matthew J. Walsh. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396924)
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