Exploring Early Agricultural Technological Traditions at Las Capas with Experiments
Author(s): Jenny Adams
Experiments conducted in concert with the analysis of ground stone artifacts recovered from Las Capas, AZ AA:12:111, (ASM) explored important early agricultural activities including planting and harvesting maize, processing maize, and making stone and fired-clay pipes. Results from the experiments combined with models developed from ethnographic references created workable correlates for evaluating features and tools associated with these activities. Las Capas style fields were planted with two popcorn varieties, Chapalote and Reventador, and one flour variety of maize, Tohono O'odham 60-day. Maize ears were harvested when immature and mature, they were processed fresh, died, and parched, and the stalks were juiced using replicas of the types of manos and metates recovered from Las Capas. Considering only the maize products, the Las Capas inhabitants had the necessary components for a varied and nutritious cuisine.
Descriptions of pipe manufacturing techniques in the archaeological and ethnographic literature of the U.S. Southwest are scarce. At Las Capas, pipes were made from stone and clay. Bifaces used to drill stone successfully replicated the marks on recovered whole and broken pipes. Clay was pressed around wood molds in a successful attempt to replicate the types of fired-clay pipes recovered from Las Capas.
SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
- Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015) •
- Multidisciplinary Studies of Anthropogenic Change, Subsistence, Social Organization, Regional Interaction, and Technology at the Las Capas Site, BC 1200-400, Southern Arizona
Cite this Record
Exploring Early Agricultural Technological Traditions at Las Capas with Experiments. Jenny Adams. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396944)
North America - Southwest
min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;