You go first. An agent-based model of mating-migration between early farming and foraging societies


Following the introduction of agriculture, domestication and permanent settlement in the early Holocene, patrilinear and patrilocal models have become more common than matrilineal and matrilocal ones. While patrilocality is observed at the worldwide level, matrilocality has been associated to specific areas, e.g. sub-Saharan Africa.

Matrilocal and patrilocal residence patterns indicate whether as a rule, a newly formed couple settles with or near the female’s or male’s parents respectively. In this context, mating can be seen as a sub-category of the migration process, where one of the two components of the newly formed couple moves into the household/village/city/country of the other. Where patrilocality is widespread greater female mobility is observed. The opposite is true for matrilocality.

Using available ethnological data, our agent-based model (ABM) focuses on mating-migration dynamics between hunter-gatherer populations (HGP) and food-producing populations (FPP). We explore within and between population mating-migration behavior, highlighting possible tendencies for gendered ‘marriage’ migration among traditional HG and AP societies.

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Cite this Record

You go first. An agent-based model of mating-migration between early farming and foraging societies. Andrea Balbo, Jasmin Link, Jürgen Scheffran, et al.. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396992)

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min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;