The Diversity of Botanical Food of the Hemudu People: Evidence from an Examination of Food Residues in a Fu pot
Carbonized black debris was found in many fu pots recovered from an early stratum at the Hemudu site (c. 7000–6500 cal. BP). The debris resembles food residues. Although this kind of debris has been regarded as residues of cooked rice for a long time, so far no specific research has been conducted. To clarify the nature of these residues, we carried out a microscopic morphological analysis and stable isotope analysis on one of the specimens. The morphological analysis found starch granules of a variety of plant tissues, including seeds of the genus rice (Oryza sp.), the bulb of the genus lily (Lilium sp.), seeds of Quercus variabilis, seeds of Vigna sp. and the tribe of Triticeae. Stable isotope analysis shows that the residue was mainly composed of C3 plants, without or with very little animal material. These results prove that the residues in the fu pots of Hemudu were really food remains, but not purely made from rice. This study reveals the diversity of botanical food of Hemudu people and also provides new clues regarding the function of fu pots as cooking vessels.
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This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
- Use-wear, Experimental Archaeology and Residue Analysis in the People's Republic of China, A Session in Memory of George H. Odell •
- Society for American Archaeology 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA (2015)
Cite this Record
The Diversity of Botanical Food of the Hemudu People: Evidence from an Examination of Food Residues in a Fu pot. Wei Ge, Weijin Huang. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397041)
min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;