Analysis of Plant Micro-botanical Remains from the Jiahu, Peiligang and Tanghu Sites in the Upper Reaches of the Huaihe River
Since 2010, we have extracted plentiful plant micro-remains from the surfaces of both stone artifacts and pottery recovered from the Jiahu (9000-7500 cal. yr BP), Peiligang (8500-7000 cal. yr BP) and Tanghu sites in central Henan Province, China. Through micro-morphological examination, starch grains and phytoliths from Oryza, Triticeae Dumort and millet were identified. These remains reflect the existence of mixed farming of rice and millet in the upper reaches of the Huaihe River 7000 years ago. We also found plentiful plant micro-remains from Dioscorea, Vigna, Quercus, Coix, Trapa and lotus root. However, the composition ratios of micro-botanical remains in these three sites are significantly different. This finding indicates that the geographical and climatic conditions were different in these three sites. These conditions have affected human’s selection and acquisition of the plant resources. In conclusion, we believe that a mixed farming agricultural pattern of rice and millet had formed in the upper reaches of the Huaihe River between 9000 to 7000 BP. However, this pattern was initial and in the primary stage and gathering activities still played an important role in the ancient subsistence practices.
SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit http://www.tdar.org/SAA2015 for instructions and more information.
Cite this Record
Analysis of Plant Micro-botanical Remains from the Jiahu, Peiligang and Tanghu Sites in the Upper Reaches of the Huaihe River. Juzhong Zhang, Ling Yao, Yuzhang Yang, Weiya Li. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397045)
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;