The activity of hunter gatherers in the northwest of Durango, México


The Northwest in the state of Durango is a understudied area in which it has now been possible to detect, record and describe archaeological sites and materials. The work carried out at the sites "La Peña" and "El Indio" have marked important milestones for the research of hunter-gatherer groups.

The excavation of La Peña, located in a rock shelter, allowed to learn the specialization that these groups had in the development of lithic artifacts, since a lot of Toyah arrowheads were found, a little common tool associated with the Trans-Pecos, Texas, and Bravo Valley Livemore phase (1200-1800 AD) and (900-1200 AD). Radiocarbon dating associated with Toyah arrowheads realizes the obvious link to archaeological sites of the Guadiana Valley, where these arrowheads were found in late sites of the Chalchihuites Culture between 1000 and 1350 AD.

The archaeological site El Indio shows a panel with rock art, structures and associated material. The detailed study of the designs present a possible reuse of the site as it has a varied iconographic mix and overlap of elements, many of which are very similar to designs attributed to hunter-gatherer groups sites, especially geometric shapes and anthropomorphic and zoomorphic naturalist figures.

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Cite this Record

The activity of hunter gatherers in the northwest of Durango, México. Rosa Ortiz Barrera, Cindy Cristina Sandoval Mora, José Luis Punzo Díaz. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397090)