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When in the World? A Comparative Debitage Analysis of Single-component Sites through Time at Petrified Forest National Park

Author(s): Nicole Kulaga

Year: 2015

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Summary

Both Paleoindian and Archaic sites hold valuable information concerning some of the first people in North America, yet these sites remain to be some of the most difficult to identify. Without diagnostics like architecture and ceramics to turn to, projectile points are what are most commonly depended on when trying to date these locales. However, debitage makes up the bulk of the artifacts found on these sites and sites of later dates, and it is highly plausible that debitage characteristics will follow a pattern based on the technological changes that occur over time. Taking debitage and the associated patterns into greater consideration allows for more accurate dating and data. In-field debitage analyses on single-component sites paired with analyses done in the past at sites spanning from the Paleoindian to Pueblo IV in the Petrified Forest is presented here. I will be looking at a variety of variables, including size, platform types and sizes, proportions of raw materials, debitage types, and other morphological characteristics. By doing so, I hope to find lithic assemblage signatures that correspond with specific time periods which would allow for Paleoindian and Archaic sites, as well as later sites, to become more distinguishable in the archaeological record.

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When in the World? A Comparative Debitage Analysis of Single-component Sites through Time at Petrified Forest National Park. Nicole Kulaga. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397251)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America