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Lithic Material Sources and Implications for Trade and Travel through the Smith River Basin in Northwest California

Author(s): Jonathan Hedlund

Year: 2015

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Excavations at the Hurdy Gurdy Bridge site (CA-DNO-1028) recovered a collection of lithic artifacts representing both local and exotic sources of material. Identification of both probable and definitive source locations indicates transportation of lithic material occurred from coastal, Klamath Mountains, south-central Oregon, and north-central California regions. Obsidian subjected to OH and XRF analysis from Hurdy Gurdy Bridge site along with sites located at the confluence of the Middle and South forks of the Smith River, (CA-DNO-89/H) and downstream from the confluence at Jedidiah Smith State Park (CA-DNO-26, CA-DNO-332, CA-DNO-333, CA-DNO334, and CA-DNO-XX13) confirms occupation of the region from the Early Holocene to the Contact period, and representation of the different lithic source locations varies through time. While the confluence sites have a nearly bivariate split between south-central Oregon and north-central California the obsidian from the Hurdy Gurdy Bridge site is almost entirely sourced from north-central California. This disparity, coupled with source locations of non-obsidian material, has implications regarding not only the settlement differences and external trade relationships between the Hurdy Gurdy Bridge site and the confluence sites, but also regional implications regarding trade, movement, and settlement between the interior and coastal regions.

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Lithic Material Sources and Implications for Trade and Travel through the Smith River Basin in Northwest California. Jonathan Hedlund. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397287)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -125.464; min lat: 32.101 ; max long: -114.214; max lat: 42.033 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America