Agriculture and Inter-village Space in the Ancient Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) World

Author(s): Jack Rossen

Year: 2015


Ancient Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) settlement patterns have been commonly presently as a series of well-spaced two acre defended agglutinated villages. Inter-village space was generally viewed as dangerous within a landscape of endemic warfare. Surveys and excavations in the Cayuga heartland (east side of Cayuga Lake) of the Finger Lakes region, central New York, are altering that vision. By at least the 15th century, agricultural complexes and stations were established between villages. These locales, possibly hosted by a particular clan, served as nodes of contact and communication between both local and distant groups. Based on recent excavations at the Myers Farm site, they do not contain the size, organization, or longhouse architecture of villages, but do contain small middens, unusually small ceramic bowls, and high frequencies of ground stone, farming implements and smoking pipes. As evidenced by large-scale food production at small sites, communal feasts were held to host visiting work parties.

SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for American Archaeology and Center for Digital Antiquity Collaborative Program to improve digital data in archaeology. If you are the author of this presentation you may upload your paper, poster, presentation, or associated data (up to 3 files/30MB) for free. Please visit for instructions and more information.

Cite this Record

Agriculture and Inter-village Space in the Ancient Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) World. Jack Rossen. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 397337)

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.815; min lat: 39.3 ; max long: -66.753; max lat: 47.398 ;